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Israel Restores West Bank Weapons Ban For PA Security Officials

By VOA News

The Israeli military has restored a ban on Palestinian security forces carrying weapons in the West Bank, three days after the funeral of Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat. The Israeli military had suspended the ban for Arafat's burial and its immediate aftermath.

Submarine Penetrated Israeli Territorial Waters

By & Ha'aretz

Three days after a Hizbullah drone managed to penetrate Israeli airspace, an unidentified submarine successfully penetrated Israeli territorial waters. On the afternoon of Nov. 10, an unidentified object was picked up on naval radar crossing into Israeli territorial waters off the coast of the seaside city of Nahariya. Before a deterrent air force unit was scrambled, the craft, later identified as a submarine, had penetrated 2-3 nautical miles into Israeli waters.

Responding navy missile boats and Dabur multi-mission patrol crafts were able to chase the submarine out of Israeli territory. However, the craft managed to evade identification of its type and registry.

As of now, the exact source of the submarine remains unknown, but an IDF official told Ynet that the submarine was of "Western" origin and was not hostile in nature. Security officials explain it could have been a maritime research vessel or other possibilities. Furthermore, the military is unaware of submarines in the possession of terrorist groups.

IDF Radio first broadcast the report of the submarine infiltration Monday morning, leading to angry reactions by members of the Knesset Foreign Affairs & Defense Committee, who were apparently not informed of the event. Former navy chief Avraham Ben-Shushan said that intelligence gathering was the only purpose of a submarine of that type.

An Army Radio report said the incident represented a "failure" on the part of security forces, "since the submarine succeeded in evading all notice in real time." An Israeli military official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the vessel belonged to a NATO member country and was detected during the night of Nov. 9-10.

Rival Gangs Violently Vie For Control In PA


There have been at least three separate clashes between armed Arab factions in the Palestinian Authority just since the death of PLO leader Yasir Arafat last week. These may be the first signs that previously sporadic battles are set to take a much more violent turn.

The most politically significant of the recent attacks took place Sunday night in Gaza, when unidentified gunmen opened fire at the entourage of newly instated PLO leader Mahmoud Abbas, known as Abu Mazen, and Gaza strongman Mohammed Dahlan. The apparent assassination attempt, which took place at an official mourning tent, took the lives of two people, including Abu Mazen's bodyguard. An unspecified number of people were injured, but Abu Mazen and Dahlan were not hurt.

PLO leaders insisted the shooting was not an attempted assassination. However, there is a growing struggle between rival factions vying for power in the post-Arafat PA. In an effort to calm the situation, Abu Mazen is scheduled to meet in Egypt with the leaders of terrorist factions in December. He is hoping to eliminate resistance to his assuming command following the death of Arafat.

On Sunday, PA officials announced that a general election would be held Jan. 9. In addition, the Fatah council announced that Abu Mazen would be the only candidate, seeking to eliminate the threat of competing against Marwan Barghouti and others who are setting their sights on the PA leadership role. Barghouti is currently serving consecutive life sentences in Israeli prison for his involvement in terrorist attacks.

Study Reveals Harvard´s Nazi Ties


A prominent researcher has revealed several disturbing links between Harvard University and the Nazis during the 1930s.

The study was carried out by Prof. Stephen H. Norwood and presented Sunday at a Boston University conference sponsored by the David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies. The research uncovers the close relationships forged between the president of Harvard University and senior Nazi officials. It also examines close ties with Nazi-controlled universities, as well as individual cases of anti-Semitism, such as the president convincing a major corporation not to hire a scientist who was a Jewish refugee from Germany. Norwood's study even examined private correspondence of the former Harvard president, finding it rife with anti-Semitic comments.

Norwood, who is a professor of History and Judaic Studies at the University of Oklahoma, described Harvard President James Conant's warm reception of Ernst PutziHanfstangl, Adolf Hitler's foreign press chief, when Hanfstangl attended his 25th class reunion in 1934. Hanfstangl had graduated from Harvard in 1909, returning to Germany to help bankroll Hitler's rise to power. When he arrived for the reunion, The Harvard Crimson, Harvard's student newspaper urged that Hanfstangl be awarded an honorary degree.

Harvard also hosted visits to the campus in 1934 and 1935 by Hitler's ambassador to the U.S., Hans Luther, and the Nazi consul-general in Boston, Baron Kurt Von Tippelskirch. In 1934, when the Nazi warship Karlsruhe visited Boston, its officers and crew were entertained as honored guests at Harvard. The following year, the Nazi consul, accompanied by Nazi German professors who were teaching at Harvard, was invited to place a swastika wreath in the Harvard Chapel, to honor Harvard students who fought for Germany in World War I.

In 1936, Harvard sent a representative to celebrations at the University of Heidelberg, which, like all German universities at that time, had expelled all its Jewish professors and changed its curriculum to reflect Nazi ideology. Harvard also cultivated friendly ties with another Nazi German university, Gottingen. The Harvard president also urged the DuPont Corporation to refrain from hiring a prominent German Jewish refugee on the grounds that the chemist was "certainly very definitely of the Jewish type--rather heavy."

Harvard was not the only prominent American institution to have its past scrutinized at the Wyman Institute conference. Prof. Laurel Leff, of Northeastern University, discussed the New York Times' slanted coverage of the Holocaust, which is the subject of her forthcoming book, 'Buried by the Times: The Holocaust and America's Most Important Newspaper.' Leff described how the Times consistently placed news about the Holocaust in less prominent places of the newspaper and downplayed the Jewish identity of the victims.

One of the current editors of The Harvard Crimson, Elisabeth Theodore, participated in the conference and, after hearing Prof. Norwood's remarks lamented The Crimson's articles about Hanfstangl, calling them "regrettable and abhorrent."

U.S. Presbyterians Warned to Change 'Anti-Israel' Stance

By Ha'aretz

Special safety precautions were taken in Presbyterian churches throughout the United States on Sunday after leaders received threats that churches would be burned if they did not demand a reversal of what a letter writer called their "anti-Israel" policy. The Presbyterian Church decided in June to divest itself of companies doing business with Israel.

The threats were contained in an anonymous letter received last weekend at the denomination's headquarters in Louisville, Ky. The letter, postmarked Queens, NY, threatened that in response to the church's "anti-Israel and anti-Jewish" stance, its houses of worship and offices would be set on fire. Jerry Van Marter, a church leader, said Sunday,"We take the threat seriously."

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