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She Captured Eichmann


Yehudit Nesiyahu, a woman who served in Israel's security services for several decades, died Saturday at the age of 78, after an extended illness. Her most famous exploit: taking part in the capture of Nazi-mastermind Adolph Eichmann in Argentina and spiriting him to Israel for trial. She took part in many still-secret Mossad operations. Her family made Aliyah in 1938, and unlike her late husband, she observed a religious lifestyle. She was buried Sunday in the Yarkon Cemetery.

Israeli Transfer of West Bank Towns to Palestinian Control Postponed

By Ross Dunn (VOA-Jerusalem)

The planned Israeli transfer of West Bank towns to Palestinian control has been postponed after the two sides failed to agree Sunday on the terms of the transfer. Both sides have agreed to meet again this week in a bid to resolve their differences.

After four hours of talks on Sunday, a Palestinian spokesman said there had been a setback to the planned transfer of four towns to Palestinian control over the next 10 days. The spokesman for Palestinian Security Minister Mohammed Dahlan said the problem lay in Israel's insistence that even after the handover, Israel would maintain roadblocks to control movement in and out of the towns.

Israeli officials confirmed that the two sides failed to reach agreement but pointed to other issues, including the supervision of wanted Palestinian militants in the cities that will be transferred to Palestinian control. Israel is demanding a commitment from the Palestinian Authority that the wanted Palestinians be prevented from continuing to use the areas as bases to launch terror attacks.

Israel had announced it was ready to hand back control over Qalqilya and Jericho to the Palestinians as early as Monday. The transfer of Tulkarem and Ramallah, the seat of Palestinian government, were to follow next week. A spokeswoman for the Israeli Army said that the meeting on Sunday had been "businesslike" and the two sides would soon hold more talks.

There were clear signs that the Palestinian Authority still expected the transfers to go ahead despite the failure to reach an agreement. On Sunday, Palestinian police officers in civilian clothing were reported to have been deployed in Qalqilya as part of preparations to resume responsibility for law and order.

Israeli troops moved into Palestinian towns across the West Bank last year following a campaign of Palestinian suicide bombings. Prime Minister Ariel Sharon pledged that the soldiers would be withdrawn once the security situation had improved.

German Publisher Stops Printing Book Charged with Being Anti-Semitic


A prominent German publisher, Suhrkamp Verlag, has halted the printing of a book attacked for anti-Semitism and for defending Palestinian attacks against Israel, Reuters reported. But the book will not be removed from bookstores and will be published in English.

The publisher said that "After the Terror," in which philosopher Ted Honderich argues that Palestinians have a "moral right to their terrorism" because of their treatment by Israel, crossed the boundary for legitimate discussion about controversial subjects.

On Aug. 7, the publisher apologized for having not read the manuscript "carefully enough." The decision to halt printing followed a letter from Holocaust researcher Micha Brumlik to the "Frankfurter Rundschau" newspaper urging the book's immediate withdrawal. Brumlik accused Honderich of spreading "anti-Semitic anti-Zionism" and justifying the murder of Jewish civilians in Israel.

Amr: 'Pragmatic Solution' will be Found to Right of Return

By Ha'aretz

The issue of the right of return will be resolved in a "pragmatic" manner in negotiations with Israel, Palestinian Information Minister Nabil Amr told Army Radio on Sunday.

"The 'right of return' issue will be solved only in agreement with Israel. We will not harm the Jewish character of the state of Israel and the solution will therefore be pragmatic," he said. The comments came after a series of statements made since last Thursday by Palestinian External Affairs Minister Nabil Sha'ath at the start of a trip to Syria and Lebanon, in which he reiterated Palestinian Authority demands for Palestinian refugees to return to cities in Israel.

Sha'ath's most emphatic declaration on this was Friday at a news conference in a Beirut hotel and attended by delegates of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon, who number close to 400,000. He told the news conference the U.S.-sponsored road map for Middle East peace guaranteed the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes in Israel or to lands conquered in the 1967 Six-Day War.

"We do not see a solution for our brothers [Palestinian refugees] in Lebanon except their return to their homeland," declared Sha'ath. "There is no other political solution. The return to their homeland is a must."

Sha'ath described the Palestinian refugee right of a return as "an integral part of the Arab peace initiative, which is one of the reference points in the road map" - a reference to the Saudi peace initiative the Arab League approved in March last year. "I want to be clear - this right includes returning to an independent state and to Palestinian cities in the Jewish state. "Whether a person returns to Haifa or to Nablus, his return is guaranteed [by the road map]."

In response, officials in Jerusalem accused the Palestinians of ignoring the road map and bringing up topics that were not included in the plan. They pointed out that international law does not recognize a right of return, and said that it was a Palestinian notion invented for propaganda purposes. Senior Foreign Ministry officials said that, "there will never be a return of refugees to the State of Israel."

On Saturday evening, after Sha'ath arrived in Damascus and after he had been apprised of vehement rebuttals by Israel to his remarks in Beirut on Friday, he reiterated his insistence on a right of Palestinian return to Israeli cities in yet more strident terms.

"There is Israeli sensitivity toward any mere mention of the right of return," Sha'ath said, "but this right is anchored in United Nations resolutions on refugees and in the Arab initiative." Sha'ath explained that in his remarks Friday he had implied that there is no need to discuss refugee return to a Palestinian state, since such a return process is self-evident, and sanctioned by the road map plan. Refugee return to Israel will be a central issue discussed in final status negotiations with Israel, he added.

Sha'ath is visiting Lebanon and Syria ahead of a upcoming tour by Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas. Israeli officials said it was unfortunate that a Palestinian official involved in the peace process is misleading his people as they have done to past generations.

Government spokesman Avi Pazner said Saturday that the road map did not address the right of return, and that refugees would never be allowed to return to Israel. Health Minister Dan Naveh said any advances in the road map should be dependent on Palestinians giving up the right of return to lands within Israel.

Labor Party Chairman Shimon Peres accused the Palestinians of "again addressing an issue they will never attain," adding that Sha'ath's words "aren't advancing the chances of reaching an agreement." The comments were also denounced by Labor MK Matan Vilnai, who said that all political parties in Israel are united against a Palestinian right of return to Israel.

"Sha'ath's speech in Lebanon associates him with Hizbullah and other forces that are hindering the peace process in the Middle East," he added. Meretz MK Ran Cohen called on Abbas to reject Sha'ath's statement, and to clarify that Israel and the Palestinian Authority have a joint interest in finding solutions for the refugee problem within the borders of a Palestinian state, and not in Israel.

Lebanon adamantly opposes the settlement of some 367,000 Palestinian refugees within its borders. Most Palestinians are Sunni Muslims, and their permanent settlement in Lebanon could change the fragile demographic balance between the various ethnic and religious groups within the country.

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