Newsletter : 3fax0507.txt
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Alitalia Flight Welcomes Passengers To "Palestine"
An Alitalia Airlines flight landing in Ben-Gurion International Airport on Tuesday made
the news after the captain welcomed all on board to "Palestine". Alitalia officials in
Israel explained they have not reached the pilot for comment, adding if the story is
verified, the matter will be dealt with appropriately. Airline officials commenting on the
incident stated the pilot would be taken off flights to Israel.
Israel's Sharon Willing to Meet with New Palestinian PM
By VOA News
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has expressed his willingness to meet with new
Palestinian Prime Minister Mahmoud Abbas. Sharon told Israeli Radio he would be happy to
meet Abbas. But he added that Palestinians must renounce the right of millions of
Palestinian refugees to return to Israel if the peace process is to go forward.
Four million Palestinians and their descendants were displaced by the creation of the
Jewish state in 1948. Israeli leaders fear the return of those refugees to their original
homes that are now in Israel would result in a demographic disaster for Israel.
Officials in Sharon's office said the meeting could take place as early as next week,
following a visit to the region by Secretary of State Colin Powell.
Sharon said what he called the strategy of terror has failed and he expressed the hope
that the new Palestinian leadership will take a new approach. His remarks appear to praise
Abbas at the expense of Palestinian chief Yasir Arafat. Sharon has shunned Arafat,
accusing him of orchestrating a 31-month-old violent Palestinian uprising against
Palestinian Cabinet Minister Saeb Erekat hit back at Sharon. Erekat said he does not
believe that Sharon is sincere about making quick progress on a new international roadmap
to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The plan envisages an end to the conflict and the
establishment of a Palestinian state by 2005.
Meanwhile, the spiritual leader of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, told the French news
agency that Abbas is pursuing a "policy of surrender" toward Israel. Yassin said the final
battle with Israel has not yet taken place.
Late Monday, Palestinian gunmen shot and killed one Israeli and wounded two others in
an ambush in the West Bank. The attackers fled and Israeli security forces are still
searching for them.
Forces on High Alert as Israel Celebrates Independence Day
Independence Day celebrations kicked off Tuesday night under heavy security due to fear
of terror attacks within Israel and in the territories. A full closure was placed on the
territories and will remain in place until the end of Independence Day. The Shin Bet
security service has received 56 warnings of possible terror attacks in the coming days.
Military sources said there has been a concerted effort on the part of terror groups,
with Iranian and Syrian encouragement, to carry out attacks at this time in an attempt to
thwart renewed diplomatic contacts between Israel and the new Palestinian government.
Festivities officially opened with the Independence Day torch-lighting ceremony. "After
the great and true hope for peace was shattered and turned out to be a terrible
delusion... it seems as if we are all holding with greater force to the good old land of
Israel," Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin said during his speech at the ceremony.
The 15 torchbearers were chosen by a public committee, in line with the ceremony's
motto "Israel salutes the security and rescue forces, and volunteer organizations."
President Moshe Katsav has received many Independence Day messages from world leaders,
among them Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Katsav will hold a ceremony Wednesday for
warriors who participated in the 1948 Independence War, among them Prime Minister Ariel
Sharon and former president Ezer Weizman. Later in the day he will meet with 120
outstanding IDF soldiers.
New Book Discusses Holocaust's Forgotten Victims
Israel Faxx News Services
In Hitler's Germany, Halbjuden were half Christian and half Jewish, but like the rest
of the partial-Jews or Mischlinge, were far too Jewish in the eyes of the Nazis.
In his new book, "In the Shadow of the Holocaust: Nazi Persecution of Jewish-Christian
Germans," published by University of Kansas Press, University of Alabama at Birmingham
(UAB) history Professor James Tent, Ph.D., recounts how these men and women from all over
Germany struggled to survive in an increasingly hostile society, even as their Jewish
relatives were disappearing into the East.
Tent draws on extensive interviews with 20 surviving Mischlinge, many of whom were
teenagers when Hitler came to power, to show how they coped with their deteriorating
status on a day-to-day basis, at school, in the workplace and even among loved ones -- and
how the memory of the hatred they suffered still resonates in their lives today.
Those interviewed include a broad range of Germany's citizenry - women, and men, rural
and urban residents, laborers and educated professionals. Their testimonies offer rare
insight into how Nazi persecution functioned at a very personal level. Tent's witnesses
share experiences in school and problems in the workplace, where the best survival
strategy was to find an unobtrusive niche in a nondescript job.
The Mischlinge were made to carry proof of heritage on their person at all times. By
1935, the Mischlinge became a category of people, Tent said. "By 1939, there were 72,000
half Jews and about 40,000 quarter Jews. There also were about 110,000 children of the
partial Jews. Unlike the full Jews, partial Jews could still live within society, but they
couldn't do certain things Germans could do. They could attend public school, but they
were treated badly. They could not go to the university and therefore were forced to
become common laborers.
"Though they were treated as second-class citizens, there was a large pool of manpower
in the Mischlinge," Tent said. The men in the group were drafted into military service in
about 1935, he said.
"In April 1940, Hitler was told by fanatical SS members that some of the young soldiers
were being seen in public accompanying their Jewish parents. Hitler issued orders that
partial Jews could no longer serve in the military and those already there should be
issued a dishonorable discharge and thrown out," Tent said.
More than 70,000 Germans were subjected to these restrictions and indignities, created
and fostered by Hitler's morally bankrupt race laws. By 1944 they too were rounded up for
forced labor, certain to be the next victims of Nazi genocide. Yet to this day, few
personal accounts of their experiences exist.
"In the Shadow of the Holocaust" demonstrates the lengths to which the Nazis were
willing to go to eradicate Jewish blood - a fanaticism that increased over time and even
in the face of impending military defeat. Although the Mischlinge survived the Holocaust,
they paid for their re-assimilation into German society by remaining silent in the face of
haunting memories. The book breaks the silence and is a testament to human endurance under
the most trying circumstances.
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