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>Israel Faxx
>JN May 27, 1997, Vol. 5, No. 95

Palestinian Sermon: Return to Jaffa, Haifa, Safed

Voice of Palestine Radio in Ramallah broadcast an address delivered Friday by Yusuf Abu Snina at the Al-Aksa mosque in Jerusalem. Abu Snina called upon the worshippers to wage an ideological struggle not only for Har Homa, but also for the lands of Haifa, Jaffa, Lod, Ramle, Acre, Safed, and Tiberias. He said that the issue of Har Homa is dwarfed by the struggle that must be waged for the return of the entire Palestinian land.

Campaign Against Family Violence

Prime Minister Netanyahu has started a public campaign against violence in the family. Netanyahu announced his government's intention to legislate minimum punishments for crimes of family violence. The prime minister's advisor on the status of women, Emunah Elon, said one out of every seven women in Israel is a battered wife.

An Oral History of the Holocaust

By Judith Latham (VOA-Washington)

Over the past decade, oral history has been a growing field among american scholars. One of the major oral history projects is at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington.

Joan Ringelheim, director of the Department of Oral History at the Holocaust museum, says oral history has a vital role in helping people understand the genocide of the Nazi period.

"The primary mission is to document the stories of survivors, rescuers, liberators, prosecutors, perpetrators, collaborators, witnesses. It is to document Jewish and non-Jewish experience. I consider the center of our role the actual production of interviews. Another part of our role is to acquire testimonies from around the world."

Ringelheim says oral history often fills an information gap by providing first-person accounts that people either don't or can't write down -- and for which there's little or no other documentation.

"As crucial as the written documentation is and the memoir is, there is a different quality that one can get because of seeing someone or hearing their voice. In the last 10 years there's been this huge burgeoning of interest in doing oral history. There certainly is an urgency that everyone feels about it." Many people associate the Holocaust with the destruction of European Jewry during the Second World War. But the Oral History department at the Holocaust museum, Ringelheim says, is also concerned with other ethnic, social, and political groups that were targeted by the Nazis -- about whom far less is known.

Students Count Holocaust Dead with Soda Can Tabs

By Michael Leland (VOA-Chicago)

Students in Illinois have spent the last six months on a project designed to show them the enormity of the Nazi Holocaust during World War 2. They have been collecting the aluminum tabs from the tops of soft drink cans, and have filled their school with more than 11 million of the tabs. A small Holocaust museum is benefiting from the school's history project.

At first, the tabs came slowly to the Mahomet-Seymour Middle School in Mahomet, Ill., But when a syndicated newspaper columnist in Ohio wrote about the project, and the column was reprinted on the Internet, the tabs started arriving in boxes. History teacher Kevin Daugherty says people in 46 states and eight countries sent tabs to the school.

"We had them in every bin and closet we could put them in. Six-million (children) filled up more than 300 grocery bags. We ended up with almost 600 grocery bags filled with pop-tabs."

Daugherty says he wanted to give his seventh-grade students a unique way of seeing for themselves how many people were killed in the Holocaust. But student Jenna Unangs says even after seeing her school filled with millions of aluminum tabs, it is still difficult for her understand this tragedy.

"Maybe a little bit easier but it is still basically far-out. I can't really comprehend... Just what happened and what Hitler did to the Jews and gypsies and other people."

Daugherty arranged for a Holocaust survivor to speak to his class. She is Eva Kor, one of the subjects of Josef Mengele's experiments on twins at the Auschwitz camp.

"She and her twin sister were laboratory experiment survivors of Dr. Mengele. Both she and her twin sister survived and they have been able to account for about 200 other people who survived the twin experiments."

Ashley Gher says meeting Kor taught her much more about the Holocaust than she could have read in her schoolbooks. "T first I really didn't know a lot about it (the Holocaust) but she told us stories about when she arrived at the concentration camp at Auschwitz and it was just a miracle that she survived."

Eva Kor operates a small Holocaust museum in Terre Haute, Ind. The students at Mahomet-Seymour Middle School have redeemed most of their aluminum tabs for cash at a local recycling center, and so far have given Kor's museum $3,500. Thousands of tabs have arrived at the school since Kor's visit, and Daugherty says the money raised from those will also be sent to the museum.

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