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>Israel Faxx
>JN May 13, 1997, Vol. 5, Number 86

Nazi Opponent May be Beatified

By Kyle King (VOA-Bonn)

More than 50-years after his World War 2 execution by the Nazis, a Berlin court has exonerated an Austrian Catholic who refused to fight in Hitler's army.

Like thousands of others who deserted or tried to avoid service in the Nazi army, Franz Jaegerstaetter was tried by a military tribunal and sentenced to death.

The young Jaegerstaetter had applied for an exemption from combat duty based on religious grounds. But his request to be assigned to a medical unit was rejected and he was decapitated at a prison not far from Berlin in 1943.

The case is one of hundreds of Nazi-era verdicts that last month the German government pledged to review. Some of the cases involve deserters who are still considered criminals for refusing to fight in Hitler's army. Others, like Jaegerstaetter, involve those who objected to military service on religious grounds or simply tried to resist service to the Nazis.

The court decision to throw out the conviction against Jaegerstaetter followed a petition by his widow, who wanted the conviction dismissed on the 90th anniversary of his birth later this month.

The Catholic church in Austria is also looking into the beatification of Jaegerstaetter, who was the only person in his village who voted against Nazi Germany's annexation of Austria.


Netanyahu Announces Conditions for Resuming Peace Talks

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

The senior US Middle East mediator, Dennis Ross, is continuing his effort to restart the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, but both sides continue to set preconditions which the other side will not meet.

Officials say Ross is making progress, but no one is saying just what that progress is. Meanwhile, Palestinian leaders continue to demand an Israeli settlement freeze and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu continues to demand more security cooperation from the Palestinian Authority. In an interview for Monday's Israel Independence Day, Netanyahu told Israel Radio his conditions for resuming talks with the Palestinians.

"It's called reciprocity, it's called fulfillment, it's called the convening of the relevant committees. This is the way to move forward. There are no secret recipes for fulfilling agreements."

Ross is trying to convene a direct Israeli-Palestinian meeting, but after his latest session with the Palestinians, he said Monday that there is still a lot of work to do.


Ford's Air Conditioner Invented by the Greenberg Bothers

It was a sweltering August day when the Greenberg brothers entered the posh Dearborn, Mich. offices of the notoriously anti-Semitic car-maker, Henry Ford.

"Mr. Ford," announced Hyman Greenberg, the eldest of the three, "we have a remarkable invention that will revolutionize the automobile industry."

Ford looked skeptical, but their threats to offer it to the competition kept his interest piqued. "We would like to demonstrate it to you in person."

After a little cajoling, they brought Mr. Ford outside and asked him to enter a black Edsel that was parked in front of the building.

Norman Greenberg, the middle brother, opened the door of the car. "Please step inside Mr. Ford." "What!" shouted the tycoon, "are you crazy? It must be 200 degrees in that car!"

"It is," smiled the youngest brother, Max, "but sit down, Mr. Ford, and push the white button."

Intrigued, Ford pushed the button. All of a sudden a whoosh of freezing air started blowing from vents all around the car, and within seconds the automobile was not only comfortable, it was quite cool! "This is amazing!" exclaimed Ford. "How much do you want for the patent?"

Norman spoke up. "The price is $1 million." Then he paused, "And there is something else. We want the name "Greenberg Brothers Air Conditioning" to be stamped right next to the Ford logo."

"Money is no problem," retorted Ford, "but no way will I have a 'Jew-name' next to my logo on my cars!"

They haggled back and forth for a while and finally they settled on $1.5 million, but the name Greenberg would be left off. However, the first names of the Greenberg brothers would be forever emblazoned upon the console of every Ford air conditioning system.

And that is why today, whenever you enter a Ford vehicle you will see those three names clearly defined on the air-conditioning control panel.

                         HI   NORM   MAX

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