Newsletter : 7fax0109.txt
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>PD Jan. 9, 1997, Vol. 5, Num, 205
40% of Arabs Support Terror
The Palestinian Institute for Public Opinion in Shechem
released the results of a poll on the question of Palestinian
relations with Israel. 40% of the Palestinians polled support
terrorist acts against Israel while 79% claim that they support the
peace process. Only 28% of the participants in the poll feel that
the Palestinian press is free of constraints of the Palestinian
U.S. Engineers Survey Main Hebron Road
By Al Pessin (VOA-Hebron)
Efforts continued Wednesday to forge an agreement between Israel
and the Palestinians on what will follow an Israeli withdrawal from
Hebron. The negotiations proceeded amid pessimistic statements by
Palestinian officials following a more than five-hour
middle-of-the-night meeting between the Palestinian leader, Yasir
Arafat, and the senior US Middle East mediator, Dennis Ross.
American civil engineers drew a crowd in downtown Hebron Wednesday
as they surveyed possible improvements to the main road running
through a Palestinian neighborhood and alongside Israeli settler
Inside the compounds, and in the adjacent Arab market, people
were pessimistic about the prospects for an Israeli withdrawal.
Settlers were happy about that, Palestinians were unhappy and
cynical -- and predicted further violence.
In Jerusalem and Gaza, US mediators continued to seek a compromise
between Israeli leaders -- who want more than two years to complete
promised further West Bank withdrawals after Hebron -- and
Palestinian leaders, who want the job done by September as
In Hebron, Israelis and Palestinians continue to wait, and to
worry -- the settlers about a withdrawal, the Palestinians about
The Ramadan Lantern
By Laurie Kassman (VOA-Cairo)
The Muslim holy month of Ramadan marks the time when the Koran was
first revealed to the prophet Mohamed. Historians say Ramadan was
first observed in the year 625. It is month of prayer and
In Egypt, there are also traditions that, while not religious, are
still part of Ramadan. The colorful lantern, or "fanous" in Arabic,
is one. The fanous used to light the way down darkened streets to
morning prayers and a meal before dawn and the start of the fast.
Walk through the small market, around the cages of geese and down
the dusty alley behind. And there, in the shadow of Cairo's Hassan
Pasha Taher mosque, the sounds of hammering beckon visitors into a
crowded courtyard where artisans are tapping the finishing touches
to another Ramadan lantern.
A young boy taps a design on a tin frame. Another cuts the glass
that will be stained red and yellow, blue and green and then fitted
into the frame of the lantern.
49-Year-old Salama Hanafi Diab and his two brothers huddle around
a gas flame that heats the soldering irons they use to weld the
pieces together into lamps. Salama has been making Ramadan lamps
since he was 5 years old. Salama says there are only about 20
artisans left who still assemble the colorful lamps all year long.
And most of them live in the neighborhood, known as "Sayeda
Zeinab," located in the heart of Cairo.
Salama says these workshops provide wholesalers with the many
thousands of lamps that are sold across Egypt, the Middle East
Salama says the fanous tradition in Egypt dates back more than
1,000 years. The lamps were created to light the way for Muslims
looking for a spot to observe the nearly invisible crescent moon
that marks the start of the holy month. Others used the lanterns to
light their way down darkened alleys and streets as they called out
to their neighbors to come to prayer. But electricity has turned
the old essential lanterns into modern-day decorations.
Most lamps nowadays have an electric light bulb inside, but Salama
still makes a few for candles. And there are some with battery
operated recordings of the call to prayer. He says the making of
Ramadan lamps is, as Salama it, part of his soul.
Most lanterns display Koranic verses to celebrate Ramadan. But
Salama gets some special orders too. Egypt's top soccer players,
for example, have asked him to stencil their Ramadan lamps with
the names of their teams.
First Israeli Transplant of Liver From Living Donor
At the Beilinson Medical Center, the first transplant in Israel
of a liver taken from a living person, has been carried out, with
a mother donating part of her liver to save the life of her
two-year-old daughter who was born with a diseased liver. No liver
small enough was found from a recently deceased person.
The Ministry of Health recently authorized such emergency
transplants from suitable living relatives to be carried out at
the Beilinson Center or Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem. Several
experienced surgeons participated in this transplant, with some of
them having trained in the U.S. for such an operation. The
operating team was headed by Professor Zaki Shapira and Dr. Eytan
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