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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                      Sept. 11, 1996 V4, #168
All the News the Big Guys Missed

A new shekel note bearing the picture of late Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin will be released Oct. 24 to mark the passing of one year since Rabin's assassination. The value of the new bill has not been determined.

Netanyahu, Clinton Optimistic

By David Borgida (VOA-White House)

President Clinton and visiting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu are expressing guarded optimism that a formula can be agreed to by Israel and Syria that could lead to resumption of peace talks. The issue was one of several discussed by the two leaders at a White House meeting Monday.

Damascus wants to see an Israeli withdrawal from the Golan Heights, and Netanyahu is ruling that out as a precondition to resumed talks.

Still, Clinton said he is hopeful. "The United States is still committed to peace and security. And I think we're making some progress in that direction and I'm going to do whatever I can to advance it."

The two leaders also discussed the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks in the West Bank town of Jericho, and the US Cruise missile raids on Iraq. The prime minister called them "a bold and responsible action against aggression."

US officials are hoping the prime minister's visit will provide some political momentum on the Israeli-Syrian peace track. What happens next? Speaking with reporters after his one hour meeting with Clinton, the prime minister said what is needed now is flexibility.

"I think right now the crucial thing is not to try to -- for one side to try to nail the other side on fixed positions as conditions for entering the negotiations. I think what is required now is a good faith effort on the part of Syria, as well as on our part and we have that--to resume negotiations."

What Did Moses Eat for Dinner?

By David McClary (VOA-Washington)

Cookbooks are plentiful and recipes abundant, and to them we can add formulas for ancient Egyptian bread thanks to research by a British archaeologist. These early bakers produced products more refined than previously believed.
Judging from artistic renderings and written documents of the time, bread and beer were dietary staples in ancient Egypt. But these same contemporary references have led scholars to believe baking and brewing methods were unsophisticated.

The writings and pictorial references have given the impression the early bread was coarse, containing chaff and grit. Historians also thought the Egyptians made beer simply by adding fine bread crumbs to water, letting the bread's yeast do the fermenting.

But this is not true, according to Cambridge University archaeologist Delwen Samuel. "Some of the processes which ancient Egyptians were using are actually very close or the same to the kinds of processes that are used in modern times to make beer and to bake bread."

Samuel used a powerful electron microscope to analyze remains of bread and the linings of beer vessels in Egyptian tombs and settlements up to 4,000 years old. These items were frequently buried with the dead in the belief it would sustain them in an afterlife.

The shape of the microscopic starch granules told her the story. As she wrote recently in the journal "Science," they include swollen, folded, and merged granules with pits and channels. This is what happens to starch as a result of heat and chemical changes in modern cooking, and Samuel concludes the ancient Egyptians used similar processes.

But they apparently liked their dough more moist than we do. More of the starch granules were fused rather than separate, suggesting the presence of more water than is used today.

The bread was made of Emmer wheat, an ancient Middle-Eastern variety which has lost favor among farmers in the last 2,000 years to Durum wheat. Samuel says ancient Egyptians added flavorings to their loaves. To verify the bread recipe, Samuel baked several loaves and found it sweet and tasty.

Faisal Husseini: Palestine Extends from Jordan to Mediterranean

In an appearance on Syrian television, Faisal Husseini stated that the boundaries of Arab Palestine extend from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea. Appearing on the English-language talk show "Focus," Husseini, who holds the Jerusalem portfolio for the Palestinian Authority, was asked what the boundaries of Palestine are. In response, Husseini replied that all Palestinians agree that the just boundaries of Palestine are the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea.

He explained that, realistically, whatever can be obtained now should be accepted, and that perhaps subsequent events in the next 15 or 20 years would present an opportunity to realize the full boundaries of Palestine.

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