Newsletter : 6fax0911.txt
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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
Sept. 11, 1996 V4, #168
All the News the Big Guys Missed
A new shekel note bearing the picture of late Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin will be released Oct. 24 to mark the passing of
one year since Rabin's assassination. The value of the new bill has
not been determined.
Netanyahu, Clinton Optimistic
By David Borgida (VOA-White House)
President Clinton and visiting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu are expressing guarded optimism that a formula can
be agreed to by Israel and Syria that could lead to resumption of
peace talks. The issue was one of several discussed by the two
leaders at a White House meeting Monday.
Damascus wants to see an Israeli withdrawal from the Golan Heights,
and Netanyahu is ruling that out as a precondition to resumed
Still, Clinton said he is hopeful. "The United States is still
committed to peace and security. And I think we're making some
progress in that direction and I'm going to do whatever I can to
The two leaders also discussed the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks
in the West Bank town of Jericho, and the US Cruise missile raids
on Iraq. The prime minister called them "a bold and responsible
action against aggression."
US officials are hoping the prime minister's visit will provide
some political momentum on the Israeli-Syrian peace track. What
happens next? Speaking with reporters after his one hour meeting
with Clinton, the prime minister said what is needed now is
"I think right now the crucial thing is not to try to -- for one
side to try to nail the other side on fixed positions as conditions
for entering the negotiations. I think what is required now is a
good faith effort on the part of Syria, as well as on our part and
we have that--to resume negotiations."
What Did Moses Eat for Dinner?
By David McClary (VOA-Washington)
Cookbooks are plentiful and recipes abundant, and to them we can
add formulas for ancient Egyptian bread thanks to research by a
British archaeologist. These early bakers produced products more
refined than previously believed.
Judging from artistic renderings and written documents of the time,
bread and beer were dietary staples in ancient Egypt. But these
same contemporary references have led scholars to believe baking
and brewing methods were unsophisticated.
The writings and pictorial references have given the impression
the early bread was coarse, containing chaff and grit. Historians
also thought the Egyptians made beer simply by adding fine bread
crumbs to water, letting the bread's yeast do the fermenting.
But this is not true, according to Cambridge University
archaeologist Delwen Samuel. "Some of the processes which ancient
Egyptians were using are actually very close or the same to the
kinds of processes that are used in modern times to make beer and
to bake bread."
Samuel used a powerful electron microscope to analyze remains of
bread and the linings of beer vessels in Egyptian tombs and
settlements up to 4,000 years old. These items were frequently
buried with the dead in the belief it would sustain them in an
The shape of the microscopic starch granules told her the story.
As she wrote recently in the journal "Science," they include
swollen, folded, and merged granules with pits and channels.
This is what happens to starch as a result of heat and chemical
changes in modern cooking, and Samuel concludes the ancient
Egyptians used similar processes.
But they apparently liked their dough more moist than we do.
More of the starch granules were fused rather than separate,
suggesting the presence of more water than is used today.
The bread was made of Emmer wheat, an ancient Middle-Eastern
variety which has lost favor among farmers in the last 2,000 years
to Durum wheat. Samuel says ancient Egyptians added flavorings to
their loaves. To verify the bread recipe, Samuel baked several
loaves and found it sweet and tasty.
Faisal Husseini: Palestine Extends from Jordan to Mediterranean
In an appearance on Syrian television, Faisal Husseini stated
that the boundaries of Arab Palestine extend from the Jordan River
to the Mediterranean Sea. Appearing on the English-language talk
show "Focus," Husseini, who holds the Jerusalem portfolio for the
Palestinian Authority, was asked what the boundaries of Palestine
are. In response, Husseini replied that all Palestinians agree that
the just boundaries of Palestine are the Jordan River and the
He explained that, realistically, whatever can be obtained now
should be accepted, and that perhaps subsequent events in the next
15 or 20 years would present an opportunity to realize the full
boundaries of Palestine.
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