Newsletter : 6fax0704.txt
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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
July 4, 1996 V4, #120
All the News the Big Guys Missed
Enzyme Causing Self-Destruction of Living Cells Discovered
New research at the Weizmann Institute of Science at Rehovot in
Israel has revealed an enzyme which serves as a factor causing
living cells to self-destruct. Prof. David Wallach of the Dept. for
Membrane Research and Biophysics led the research and isolated the
gene responsible for the unique enzyme. This may open the way to
deal with auto-immune diseases.
Controversy Continues Over Shroud of Turin
By Jeri Watson (VOA-Washington)
Researchers from the University of Texas say a large piece of
cloth known as the Shroud of Turin may have been made around the
time of the death of Jesus. The teachings and life story of Jesus
form the central beliefs of the Christian religion.
For hundreds of years, many people believed the Shroud was the
burial cloth of Jesus. The Shroud shows a picture of a man
executed on a cross, as Jesus was. It shows images of the front
and back of a man who was beaten. It also shows that the man had
sharp objects pushed into his head. The Christian Bible says
Jesus was tortured in these ways before his death, in about the
The Shroud has been in a church in Turin, Italy, since
1578. The researchers recently reported their findings at a meeting
of the American Society of Microbiology. The meeting was held in
In 1984, a study said it was not possible that the Shroud could
have been used by Jesus. That study used a method known as
radiocarbon dating. It showed the material of the Shroud probably
was made between 1260 and 1390. This period of time is known as
the Middle Ages.
Stephen Mattingly was one of the scientists who carried out the
latest study of the Shroud. He says the radiocarbon dating used
in 1988 examined more than the linen material of the Shroud.
Mattingly says that study measured bacteria and fungi on the linen.
He says some of these organisms still are alive and growing. He
says they are growing because of their reaction with what he calls
"modern carbon dioxide."
Mattingly says that if the bacteria and fungi are measured in
addition to the linen, the results of the test would be wrong.
Mattingly says, "It is necessary to make the linen pure before
measuring its age. Our findings mean that many objects that have
been given dates by the radiocarbon-dating method must be looked at
The scientist whose tests showed the Shroud to be from the Middle
Ages says he will study the University of Texas report. But the
scientist, Paul Damon, says he believes the 1988 test results are
Public Bus Transportation from Israel to Jordan Starts
Four public bus lines have started permanent service between Israel
One route, operated by the Dan Bus Company, will originate in Tel
Aviv and travel to Amman by way of Afula, Beit Shean and the Jordan
Bridge. Two other bus lines, operated by the Nazareth Tourism and
Travel Company, will travel from Haifa and Nazareth to Amman and
Irbid. A United Tours bus will transport passengers from Eilat to
The bus lines from Israel will be operated simultaneously with four
Jordanian-owned bus lines traveling in the opposite direction.
Transportation Minister Yitzhak Levy said each of the four Israeli
buses will initially make one trip to Jordan per day. The price of
a ticket from Tel Aviv to Amman will be 23 shekels, (approximately
$7). It will cost 5 shekels (approximately $1.50) to travel from
Eilat to Aqaba.
New Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer Condition
An innovative way to diagnose success in bladder cancer treatment
has been developed by Israeli scientists. The tests will show if
there is an early need to remove the bladder thus preventing the
spread of the cancer throughout the patient's body. The diagnosis
also permits early preventive treatment.
The disease usually affects people over 50, and is the fifth
most common form of cancer, with about 1,000 cases annually in
Israel. The Israeli research results were published in the medical
magazines, "Lancet," and the "American Journal of Clinical
Oncology," which described them as having worldwide importance.
Jewish Burial Caves Shown in Detroit Exhibition
An archeological exhibition of finds from Jewish burial caves from
the time of the Second Temple is on display in Detroit. It includes
discoveries in three family burial complexes from the 1st century
before the Common Era until the first century of it.
They were found during salvage diggings in 1989 on the slopes of
Nahal Kidron. There were writings in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek on
artifacts in the caves, revealing that those buried were Jews from
northern Syria, as well as clay lamps, glasses and bottles made of
glass, and gold earrings.
Later, in the Roman and Byzantine periods, Roman soldiers or local
Christian residents used the caves, as proven by clay vessels with
crosses stamped on them, or wooden coffins of the fifth and sixth
centuries C.E. The earlier graves were not vandalized.
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