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                             ISRAEL
                              FAXX

Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                       April 18, 1996 V4, #70
All the News the Big Guys Missed

Rabbi Stabbed in Budapest

Ahmed Bur, a Muslim fundamentalist, has stabbed the principal of a Budapest Orthodox Jewish day school -- Rabbi Yisrael Taub of Jerusalem -- in "revenge for Israel's actions in Lebanon." Taub is listed in serious condition. The Foreign Ministry has instructed all Israeli missions to tighten security and increase awareness in the face of Hizbullah threats to attack Israeli and Jewish targets abroad. Jewish Diaspora communities have taken similar measures against the possibility that their organizations may be targeted.

Lebanese Fighting Enters Eighth Day

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem), Jennifer Griffin (VOA-Beirut)

The current round of fighting between Lebanese terrorists and Israeli forces enters its eighth day Thursday. Rocket attacks and Israeli air strikes continued yesterday.

Israel has promised to respond harshly to any Katyusha rocket attacks and it did so Wednesday morning. A volley of Katyushas hit the northern Israeli town, Kiryat Shmona -- wounding one man and causing some damage. Israeli aircraft responded with strikes on Lebanese villages the Hizbullah is believed to still be using to launch the rockets.

Israel says it launched more than 1,000 air strikes and 11,000 artillery shells into Lebanon during the first six days of fighting. Hundreds of Katyushas have hit northern Israel. More than 30 people have been killed, all of them in Lebanon.

The ongoing strikes seem to be giving the militant Muslim group greater support in Lebanon.

Other than the evening call to prayer, the skies over Beirut remained relatively quiet Wednesday. On the road from the airport, Lebanese soldiers sitting atop mobile anti-aircraft guns chatted casually with civilians walking along the crowded streets. Business appeared normal in Beirut, which was recuperating from the recent Israeli air strikes that wiped out a portion of the city's newly operational power grid earlier this week.

But with each Israeli attack on Hizbullah in southern Lebanon, support for the militant Islamic fighters seems to be growing throughout the country.

Ahab Abdullah is a smartly dressed, 28-year-old university graduate who manages a shop near Beirut's upscale Hamra Street. He says he did not support Hizbullah before the latest military operation, known in Israel as Operation Grapes of Wrath. "Nobody likes to die. But I like to die if I could give the chance to my family and for my family to live -- OK, I would sacrifice myself for my family."

New Book Says Germans Were Anti-Semitic

By Kyle King (VOA-Bonn)

A widely acclaimed new American book titled "Hitler's Willing Executioners" has opened to scathing reviews in the German press. The book, by Harvard University sociologist Daniel Goldhagen, argues pre-Hitler Germany was uniquely anti-Semitic and millions of ordinary people gladly took part in the Holocaust. German critics call the book a poorly researched attempt to stereotype Germans as anti-Semitic killers.

Just one week after excerpts of Goldhagen's book appeared, nearly every leading newspaper attacked the work as a one-sided view of the Holocaust.

A cultural editor for the "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung", Frank Schirrmacher, says the book fails to back up its controversial thesis, that pre-Hitler Germany was a fundamentally anti-Semitic society.

He says many commentators are concerned by the fact the book is so widely publicized and so well received in the United States.

"The effect will be that many Germans think maybe there is a new American way of trying to see Germany for the next century, so that even nowadays Germany is still in the role of the old anti-Semitic monster it used to be, and I think that makes politicians and journalists and normal people very nervous about this book."

The leader of the Jewish community in Germany, Ignaz Bubis, says he has not been surprised by the reaction to the book. "Many German people after 50-years do not like to listen to the story, and we have a certain group mainly of historians who would like very much to change the history, maybe change the history is too strong of a word, but at least to reevaluate the history."

Bubis agrees with one of the central themes of the Goldhagen book, which says many more people in Nazi Germany were aware of the killing of the Jews than is commonly acknowledged.

But following last year's emotional debate during the 50th anniversary celebration of the end of the Second World War, Bubis says Germans would simply like to forget the past.

"But this is difficult, as long as there are still survivors of the past they will have to accept that even if Germany would like very much not to discuss it, to forget it, but the rest of the world is not ready to forget it, and to accept it."



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