Newsletter : 6fax0411.txt
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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
April 11, 1996 V4, #65
All the News the Big Guys Missed
Fighting Continues in Southern Lebanon
By Patricia Golan (VOA-Jerusalem)
There has been more fighting in southern Lebanon between Israeli
troops and Israeli-backed forces and Shiite Muslim guerrillas. One
Israeli soldier was killed and two others wounded in attacks in
Israel's self-declared security zone. A terrorist was killed in
Tension has been high on the Lebanese-Israeli border area for
several days. On Tuesday Hizbullah fired several rounds of
Katyushka rockets into northern Israel, wounding 36 people.
Hizbullah said the attack was to avenge the death of a Lebanese
teenager killed by a land mine. Israel denied involvement.
Following the rocket attack, Israeli jets and artillery pounded
suspected Hizbullah targets in south Lebanon, while Israeli Prime
Minister Shimon Peres declared Israel is carefully weighing its
On Wednesday, Hizbullah blasted a position held by militiamen of
the Israeli-allied south Lebanon army, killing one Israeli soldier
and wounding two others. In reprisal, Israeli forces shelled
Hizbullah-controlled villages in south Lebanon.
The Iranian-backed Hizbullah opposes the Middle East peace process,
and is leading a guerrilla war to force Israel to withdraw its
troops from southern Lebanon. Peres has blamed Iran for the
attacks, saying it is trying to undermine his government in advance
of general elections next month.
Egyptian-Libyan Chemical Weapons Quandary
By Laurie Kassman (VOA-Cairo)
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has called for the US to find a
peaceful way out of its latest crisis with Libya. US officials say
Libya is building an underground chemical weapons plant just south
of Tripoli and do not rule out the use of force to close it down.
Mubarak said he needs more evidence before he talks with Libyan
leader Moammar Gaddafi about charges Libya is building a chemical
weapons factory. Mubarak said the first he heard of it was from US
Defense Secretary William Perry, who showed him some photographs.
But Mubarak has asked for more details.
Mubarak repeated a proposal he made during the visit earlier this
week of French President Jacques Chirac -- to send an
Egyptian-European team to Libya to inspect the site in question.
The Egyptian leader ruled out the use of force to dismantle the
plant if it is making chemical weapons, and said Egypt would
cooperate with Libya to shut down the operation peacefully.
Mubarak has spearheaded efforts to create a nuclear-free zone in
Africa and the Middle East. Today, representatives of about 40
nations will sign an agreement to keep Africa free of weapons of
50th Anniversary of Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
By Judith Latham (VOA-Washington)
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the trial of the major Nazi
war criminals before the international military tribunal in
Nuremberg. The concept of "crimes against humanity" was first
codified at the Nuremberg trials following World War II.
The original Nuremberg trial judges who prosecuted Nazi war
criminals after World War II recently gathered in Washington to
celebrate the 50th anniversary of the trials.
Benjamin Ferencz, professor of international law at Pace Law School
in New York, was chief prosecutor at one of Nuremberg trials
against the Nazi SS murder squads.
"As a result of these experiences I have dedicated practically all
of my life trying to create a more humane world under law where all
human beings can live in peace and dignity regardless of their race
or creed. The importance of any reunion of Nuremberg prosecutors
is that it underscores and draws the attention of the public to the
need for a more rational and humane world order. The trial in
which I was the chief prosecutor, the 22 defendants had clearly
murdered over a million people. And the plea that I made to the
court at that time was to establish by a rule of international law
the right of all human beings to live in peace and dignity,
regardless of their race or creed."
One of the speakers at the Nuremberg reunion was William Duna, a
professor at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota and the only
gypsy member of the United States Holocaust Council. Duna says
very few people are aware that the gypsies, rather than the Jews,
were the "first race singled out for extermination." However, not
one gypsy testified at Nuremberg against any of the Nazi war
criminals, he said.
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