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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                       April 11, 1996 V4, #65
All the News the Big Guys Missed

Fighting Continues in Southern Lebanon

By Patricia Golan (VOA-Jerusalem)

There has been more fighting in southern Lebanon between Israeli troops and Israeli-backed forces and Shiite Muslim guerrillas. One Israeli soldier was killed and two others wounded in attacks in Israel's self-declared security zone. A terrorist was killed in retaliatory shelling.

Tension has been high on the Lebanese-Israeli border area for several days. On Tuesday Hizbullah fired several rounds of Katyushka rockets into northern Israel, wounding 36 people. Hizbullah said the attack was to avenge the death of a Lebanese teenager killed by a land mine. Israel denied involvement.

Following the rocket attack, Israeli jets and artillery pounded suspected Hizbullah targets in south Lebanon, while Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres declared Israel is carefully weighing its moves.

On Wednesday, Hizbullah blasted a position held by militiamen of the Israeli-allied south Lebanon army, killing one Israeli soldier and wounding two others. In reprisal, Israeli forces shelled Hizbullah-controlled villages in south Lebanon.

The Iranian-backed Hizbullah opposes the Middle East peace process, and is leading a guerrilla war to force Israel to withdraw its troops from southern Lebanon. Peres has blamed Iran for the attacks, saying it is trying to undermine his government in advance of general elections next month.

Egyptian-Libyan Chemical Weapons Quandary

By Laurie Kassman (VOA-Cairo)

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has called for the US to find a peaceful way out of its latest crisis with Libya. US officials say Libya is building an underground chemical weapons plant just south of Tripoli and do not rule out the use of force to close it down.

Mubarak said he needs more evidence before he talks with Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi about charges Libya is building a chemical weapons factory. Mubarak said the first he heard of it was from US Defense Secretary William Perry, who showed him some photographs. But Mubarak has asked for more details.

Mubarak repeated a proposal he made during the visit earlier this week of French President Jacques Chirac -- to send an Egyptian-European team to Libya to inspect the site in question.

The Egyptian leader ruled out the use of force to dismantle the plant if it is making chemical weapons, and said Egypt would cooperate with Libya to shut down the operation peacefully.

Mubarak has spearheaded efforts to create a nuclear-free zone in Africa and the Middle East. Today, representatives of about 40 nations will sign an agreement to keep Africa free of weapons of mass destruction.

50th Anniversary of Nuremberg War Crimes Trial

By Judith Latham (VOA-Washington)

This year marks the 50th anniversary of the trial of the major Nazi war criminals before the international military tribunal in Nuremberg. The concept of "crimes against humanity" was first codified at the Nuremberg trials following World War II.

The original Nuremberg trial judges who prosecuted Nazi war criminals after World War II recently gathered in Washington to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the trials.

Benjamin Ferencz, professor of international law at Pace Law School in New York, was chief prosecutor at one of Nuremberg trials against the Nazi SS murder squads.

"As a result of these experiences I have dedicated practically all of my life trying to create a more humane world under law where all human beings can live in peace and dignity regardless of their race or creed. The importance of any reunion of Nuremberg prosecutors is that it underscores and draws the attention of the public to the need for a more rational and humane world order. The trial in which I was the chief prosecutor, the 22 defendants had clearly murdered over a million people. And the plea that I made to the court at that time was to establish by a rule of international law the right of all human beings to live in peace and dignity, regardless of their race or creed."

One of the speakers at the Nuremberg reunion was William Duna, a professor at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota and the only gypsy member of the United States Holocaust Council. Duna says very few people are aware that the gypsies, rather than the Jews, were the "first race singled out for extermination." However, not one gypsy testified at Nuremberg against any of the Nazi war criminals, he said.

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