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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan

                       Feb. 14, 1996 V4, #28
All the News the Big Guys Missed

Negotiations Take Place on Status of 1967 Palestinian Refugees

By Peyman Pejman (VOA-Cairo)

Palestinian, Egyptian, Jordanian and Israeli officials are meeting in Cairo to discuss the fate of Palestinian refugees. The two-day meeting ending today in the Egyptian capital is the sixth such meeting to discuss terms of repatriating Palestinians expelled from their homes by the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.

The previous five rounds of talks have not produced much result, mainly because of the differences between Israel and the Arab delegations on several issues.

The first is the definition of a refugee. The Arabs say anyone who had to leave his or her home during the 1967 war, and their offspring, should be considered a refugee and allowed to return, unconditionally.

Israel says it will not allow back Palestinians expelled for security reasons. It also says only Palestinians who were forced out of their homes can come back -- not those who happened to be abroad at the time of the war.

The second difference is on the number of refugees. Arab delegations say the total number of people they consider to be refugees from the 1967 war is about 500,000. Israel puts the figure at 200,000.

The third issue is the number of people allowed back each year. Israel says it wants to let back about 4,000 people because of what it says are Israel's security considerations and the economic capacity of the West Bank and Gaza, areas now under Palestinian home rule.

The current talks do not cover the return of the Palestinians made homeless by the 1948 war, which brought into bring the State of Israel.

Palestinians Protest Border Closure

By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)

The Palestinian Autonomy Authority has protested Israel's closure of all Palestinian territories, imposed Monday night in response to what Israel says is a security threat. The Palestinian Authority formally asked Israel to lift the closure, which prevents tens of thousands of Palestinians from reaching their jobs in Israel and slows the flow of Palestinian imports and exports. But Israel says it has received solid information about plans for a bomb attack and must enforce the closure until the threat passes.

The closure comes at a particularly bad time for many Palestinian workers. The Muslim holy month of Ramadan ends next week with a holiday for which Muslims like to buy expensive foods, new clothes and gifts for their children.

Israel's deputy defense minister says the closure was imposed with a heavy heart. And Cabinet member Yossi Beilin says it is better to create some anger and economic hardship for a short period than to risk a terrorist attack which could seriously harm the peace process. Analysts say such an attack would also hurt Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres' chances of winning the early elections he has just called.

Watch out for Spy Glasses

The Galil Optik Co. of Kibbutz Kfar Giladi is manufacturing spy spectacles, which look like ordinary sunglasses but contain a miniature camera, microphone and loudspeaker. This permits it to take pictures and record sounds. The mini-camera transmits the pictures in real time to a broadcast vehicle parked nearby. The unit costs about $3,000. The company is selling 300 pairs of the instrument to a large investigative concern in the U.S.

Transmitting Maps on the Battlefield.

The Tadiran Co. has perfected a system of military control and monitoring enabling battlefield commanders to transmit maps and sketches through a communications network. The system will be on display at the Air Show in Singapore. It represents a significant advance over existing transmission systems. Computers with printers allow several terminals to conduct a graphic dialogue on the battlefield. Tadiran is also displaying at the Singapore Air Show various instruments for locating a downed pilot in hostile territory.

Diagnosing Breast Cancer Without X-Rays

The first device of its kind in the country, for diagnosing breast cancer without X-Rays, has been introduced at the Elisha Hospital in Haifa. It is called a T-Scan and made in Israel. It works on electrical resistance measurements on breast tissues and is more accurate than existing mammographs. Dr. Ora Lever-Moshokovitch, director of the breast examination unit at the hospital, says the instrument, made by Trans-Scan at Migdal Ha'emek, is a breakthrough in diagnosing the ailment. The absence of X-Rays means it can be used more frequently when there is a suspicion of a growth.

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