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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
Nov. 2, 1995, V3, #199
All the News the Big Guys Missed
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Rabbi Attacked in Drive-By Shooting
Two Palestinian youths held a U.N. employee at gunpoint Wednesday
and then stole his car to carry out a drive-by shooting, Rabbi Uzi
Nevo was severely wounded when the gunmen fired on his car outside
the settlement of Kochav Ya'acov near Ramallah. Nevo continued
driving until reaching the Ramallah-Jerusalem road where he met an
acquaintance who brought him to a hospital. The rabbi is in
serious but stable condition.
Lebanese Hizbullah Transforms into a National Resistance Movement
By Edward Yeranian (VOA-Beirut)
Lebanese Hizbullah terrorists attacked and briefly seized two
Israeli militia outposts along Israel's self-declared security zone
in southern Lebanon early Wednesday. Two militia men were killed
and three others wounded, according to Lebanese police sources.
Four Israeli soldiers were also reported wounded in a separate
Hizbullah attack. Israeli planes responded by bombing Hizbullah
Fighters belonging to the Iranian-backed Hizbullah militia attacked
and briefly occupied two fortified mountaintop positions guarding
Israel's self-declared security zone in southern Lebanon, early
Bitter fighting also broke out between Hizbullah and members of an
Israeli patrol, following the explosion of a roadside bomb.
Israeli helicopters came to the aid of the stricken patrol,
strafing the area with machine gun fire before the wounded could
be evacuated. Israeli planes also bombed parts of southern Lebanon
Tension in southern Lebanon has been mounting during the past
month. Nine Israeli soldiers have been reported killed and at
least 10 others wounded in just over three weeks. Reports in the
Beirut press say the current flare up is a result of a breakdown of
peace talks between Israel and Syria.
Hizbullah, which has repeatedly vowed to drive Israeli troops out
of southern Lebanon, has been launching increasingly bold attacks
against Israeli positions in recent months.
A spokesman for the United Nations troops posted in southern
Lebanon said Israeli forces and the Lebanese militia fighting
alongside them were nervous and morale low following the recent
attacks. One western military attache in Beirut said Hizbullah
troops are more and more well trained -- and the equipment they
use, including Russian-made Saggar missiles, are increasingly
Hizbullah, which now calls itself the Lebanese National Resistance,
has been seeking to win popular support for its campaign to oust
Israel from the security zone.
Ashkenazi Women Prone to Breast and Ovarian Cancers
By David McAlary (VOA-Washington)
US researchers have discovered the risk of breast and ovarian
cancer might be much higher in Jews of Eastern and Central European
ancestry than in the general population. Scientists have found a
relatively common genetic defect in this group may predispose many
Jewish women to the diseases, and possibly Jewish men to prostate
and colon cancer.
The Ashkenazim of Central and Eastern European origin -- who make
up most American Jews and half of those in Israel -- are prey to a
unique set of genetic ailments. Now, cancer of the breast and
ovaries might be added to the list.
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health say this population
is prone to a defect -- or misspelling, as they call it -- in a
breast cancer gene discovered last year. Francis Collins heads the
National Center for Genomic Research, one of two NIH branches
involved in the finding.
"What is being reported here today is that in a particular
population -- in this case, the Ashkenazi Jewish population --
there is a specific misspelling that turns up over and over again
at a surprisingly high frequency of about one in 100."
This single chemical defect is five to eight times more frequent
in Ashkenazi Jews than all other known defects in this gene are
in the overall population. The researchers suspect it might
account for 16 per cent of breast cancers and 39 per cent of
ovarian cancers in Jewish women under 50. This is roughly four
times the rate of the other mutations in women at large.
Another difference is also significant: while mutations in this
gene are usually found in families with an inherited susceptibility
to breast cancer, the newly-discovered defect was found in
Because it is a single defect in a specific location in a single
population, National Cancer Institute Director Richard Klausner
says a genetic screening test should be easy to develop.
But Klausner warns that testing people now would be premature
because researchers need more time to learn whether the incidence
of the defect is the same in larger groups of Ashkenazim and, if
so, what its association with cancer is.
Evidence from cancer-prone families shows that men who have defects
in the breast cancer gene may have an increased risk of prostate
and colon cancer. The questions about the genetic mutation could
take years to answer. The results are not cause for Ashkenazi
Jewish women to seek private breast cancer genetic testing. Further
research is planned with a study of this defect in a group of 5,000
Ashkenazim living in a Washington suburb. The NIH also plans
research in Poland to see if it is present in non-Jewish people who
are historically related to Ashkenazim by region.
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