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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
Oct. 17, 1995, V3, #187
All the News the Big Guys Missed
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Rabin Plans for Response to Hizbullah
By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)
Israel's prime minister visited southern Lebanon on Monday -- his
third such trip in the past five days -- to meet with Israel's main
Christian Lebanese ally as plans are made for a response to an
increase in attacks by Iranian-backed guerrillas.
According to local reporters, Rabin met with Gen. Antoine Lahad,
the leader of the South Lebanese Army, the Christian militia which
works with Israeli forces in the area fighting against the
Hizbullah movement, supported by Iran and Syria.
Lahad said afterwards they had exchanged views on the escalation in
Hizbullah attacks in recent days, which have killed nine Israeli
soldiers. Rabin made no comment. He also visited the area after
the two attacks on Thursday and Sunday.
The prime minister has called an emergency Cabinet meeting for
today to discuss possible retaliation. There have been demands for
a large-scale attack. But some officials say a diplomatic approach
focused on Syria would be more effective. Peace talks with Syria
are stalled and many Israelis believe the increase in Hizbullah
attacks is an effort to put pressure on Israel in those
Hebron Will be Returned to Palestinians Early
By Al Pessin (VOA-Jerusalem)
Israel and the Palestinian Autonomy Authority have announced that
the West Bank city of Hebron -- a center of radicalism among both
Palestinians and Israelis -- will be included in their accelerated
withdrawal schedule. Under the revised schedule, Israel will hand
over to the Palestinian Authority control over much of the West
Bank by the end of the year.
According to Israel Radio and a source at Palestinian Authority
headquarters in Gaza, the withdrawal from Hebron will begin Dec.
10, rather than sometime next March as had been planned.
A Palestinian source in Gaza, who requested anonymity, says the
idea is to have Israeli troops out of at least part of the city
in time for the Palestinian election campaign and voting. The
source says there will be special arrangements for voting by
Hebron residents in parts of the city where Israeli troops will
In addition, the source and Israel Radio report the Israeli
withdrawal from the historically Christian city of Bethlehem will
be completed by Dec. 21, In time for Christmas celebrations.
Details of the withdrawals from other cities have also emerged,
with Israel planning to take three weeks or more to withdraw from
some cities and their surrounding villages, including the first
one, Jenin, starting on Wednesday of next week.
The Israeli withdrawal is to be completed by Dec. 31, So the
Palestinians can have a three-week election campaign, followed by
their first elections, tentatively scheduled for Jan. 22.
The Origin of the Nation of Islam
By Rashidah Hasan (VOA-Washington)
During the early 1900s, the laws in America supporting racial
segregation and unequal access to education and employment gave
rise to black nationalist movements. Many blacks in America found
these organizations addressed their political, economic, spiritual
and social needs. The Nation of Islam, which is today led by
Minister Louis Farrakhan, is the largest and most economically
successful black nationalist group.
Since the advent of slavery in the U.S., the black Christian church
has been viewed as the cornerstone of the African-American
community. However, for blacks who rejected Christian doctrine and
for others who demanded redress for the disparate treatment of
African-Americans, black nationalist movements provided leadership
Early black nationalist leaders included Marcus Garvey and Noble
Drew Ali who began their work by proclaiming a pro-ethnic,
self-help doctrine to mostly poor, inner-city residents. In 1930,
an immigrant peddler -- W. Fard Muhammad -- formed yet another
nationalist movement in Detroit called "The Lost-Found Nation of
Islam." Fard's message was similar to that of Ali's. It is said
that he taught the religion of Islam to a young student, Elijah
Poole, who succeeded Fard, but Fard disappeared in 1934.
Elijah Poole was accused of responsibility for Fard's
disappearance. After receiving death threats he fled to Chicago
where he established a headquarters. He later spent time in prison
for failing to register for the draft. Elijah and his followers
opened businesses in poor neighborhoods and established schools.
Elijah's followers included a small army of men known as the Fruit
of Islam (FOI) and women called "Vanguards."
Unlike his predecessors, Elijah provided structure to his
organization. Elijah (who had changed his family name to Muhammad)
blended his economic achievements with teaching of his religious
doctrine. Although called Islam, the Elijah doctorine differs
sharply from the most fundamental elements of the Islamic religion
practiced by Muslims throughout the world.
The Nation of Islam's adherents claim that Fard is God incarnate
and that Elijah Muhammad is the messenger of God. The organization
teaches racial segregation, economic and social self-sufficiency
and strict dietary laws. When Elijah Muhammad died Feb. 25, 1975,
his organization was more divided but it had grown to more than
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