Newsletter : 5fax0808.txt
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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
Aug. 8, 1995, V3, #143
All the News the Big Guys Missed
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Peres-Arafat Hold Face-to-Face Taba Talks
By Laurie Kassman (Cairo)
Israeli and Palestinian negotiators remain deadlocked in
their talks in the Israeli resort town of Eilat. PLO Chairman
Yasir Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres are
meeting across the border in the neighboring Egyptian resort of
Taba to try to break the deadlock, while Jewish settlers continue
their protests against expanding Palestinian self-rule in the
The accord will cover the redeployment of Israeli troops and rules
for Palestinian elections. The elections were supposed to be held
a year ago. But key issues like water-sharing and West Bank
security are still blocking a final agreement.
So once again Arafat and Peres are meeting face-to-face to try to
find a way out of the impasse.
Settlers Threaten 'Civil Revolt' Today Throughout Israel
By Al Pessin (Jerusalem)
Israeli Settlers symbolically took over two hilltops in the West
Bank Monday, resuming their campaign of protests against the
government's plans to expand Palestinian autonomy.
Monday's hilltop protests were smaller than the ones last week, but
the pattern was the same -- settlers occupied the areas late at
night and police removed them the following afternoon. Some
settlers refused to move and were carried away.
One settler group announced that today will be what it calls a
day of "civil revolt." The group said its members will block
roads in several parts of israel and the West Bank and will
create as many as 30 new settlements.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said he is ready for a dialogue with
the settlers. But he said he will not change the government's
basic policy of expanding Palestinian autonomy. The settlers say
such an expansion would endanger their security by putting
Palestinian police in charge of controlling militant groups in
Palestinian cities and towns, near the Israeli settlements in the
Police Temporarily Close Temple Mount to Prevent Rioting
The threat of clashes between Jews and Muslims on the Temple Mount
prompted Police Commissioner Lt. Gen. Asaf Chefetz and Jerusalem
District Commander Maj. Gen. Ariyeh Amit on Sunday to decide to
prohibit all visitors to the site.
Hundreds of Jewish visitors arrived at the Temple Mount Sunday
hoping the police would carry out a ruling by the High Court of
Justice permitting Jews to visit during the Tisha B'Av day of
observance. Several hundred activists gathered Sunday outside a
gate leading to the Temple Mount. In an attempt to forcibly enter
the site, several people were involved in physical confrontations
"The High Court of Justice did not permit Jews to pray on the
Temple Mount. It allowed both Jews and tourists to visit the site,
not to worship," said Amit.
"Since 1967 there has been a governmental decision that Jews may
not pray at the Temple Mount. They may go up and visit -- and this
is the current situation," said Amit.
Rosenbergs Identified by Codebreakers
By John Pitman (Washington)
In 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed in the United
States after being found guilty of spying for the Soviet Union.
The government said the Rosenbergs conspired to sell secrets about
the US atomic program to Moscow. John Pitman recently spoke to two
of the analysts who broke the codes that once protected the
Rosenbergs'identity, and has this report on the painstakingly slow
spy hunt that led to their arrest.
In early 1943, the US and the USSR were still allies in the war
against Nazi Germany. But at the same time, the US was also making
progress in its atomic program -- the Manhattan Project -- and was
suspicious that Soviet agents might be trying to steal some of its
secrets. In February of 1943, the army set up a small, and very
secret, project to decipher coded radio messages intercepted from
Soviet diplomatic posts in the US. The project came to be known as
At first, the work was extremely difficult. The Soviets used a
system that encoded messages twice, first assigning each word a
number, then assigning each number another number. The
instructions to decode the messages were recorded in only two
places. The sender had a copy and so did the recipient. What made
breaking this kind of code so hard was that each series was only
used once, so lessons learned with one document might not
necessarily apply to another.
One linguist was Meredith Gardner. He was the first analyst to
make sense of the decoded patterns. In 1946, he began translating
cables that had been intercepted two years earlier from the Soviet
Consulate in New York City. On Dec. 20, 1946, Gardner deciphered a
message that contained a list of scientists working on the
Manhattan Project, which the Soviets had code-named, "Enormoz."
Gardner and the Venona team began to assemble a more complete
picture of the Soviet spy ring that had infiltrated the Manhattan
Gardner says he remembers two code names that appeared frequently
in the messages: "Antenna" and "Liberal." While the messages
never referred to Julius Rosenberg directly, it was later
discovered that these two cover names did, in fact, belong to him.
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