Newsletter : 5fax0505.txt
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Publisher\Editor Don Canaan
May 5, 1995, V3, #83
All the News the Big Guys Missed
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Muslim Poll: Americans' Support of Israel is Down
By David Gollust (Washington)
A new nationwide opinion poll released Thursday indicates an
erosion in public support in the United States for key participants
in the Middle East peace process -- along with declining support
for American aid to those countries. The survey commissioned by a
London-based Arabic newspaper, also suggests a somewhat more
favorable US public attitude toward Muslims.
The survey conducted for the London Arabic-language newspaper
"Asharq al Awsat" suggests that Americans are becoming impatient
with the pace of the Middle East peace process.
The figures from the random telephone survey of more than 1,000
Americans in mid-April suggest a significant decline in the public
standing of Israel, Egypt and Jordan, from a similar reading taken
in late 1992 amid negotiating breakthroughs.
Forty-nine percent of those questioned in the new poll had a
favorable opinion of Israel, compared to 61 percent in 1992.
Egypt's favorable rating was 45 percent -- down from 64 percent
three years ago.
There was little change in the roughly 20 percent of respondents
who held negative views of Israel and Egypt, but many more were
neutral in the new poll.
Despite its peace treaty with Israel, Jordan was viewed unfavorably by
34 percent compared to 22 percent who viewed it favorably --
suggesting lingering unhappiness with Amman among Americans for its
perceived tilt toward Iraq in the Gulf war.
John Zogby, a New York pollster who conducted the surveys, says
Americans now have diminished expectations about what can be
achieved in the Middle East: "The peace process raised
expectations. A series of bad news, a series of bombings have led
to, on the part of the American people, dashed expectations. And
with those dashed expectations, a tendency then to have a lower
estimation of Israel -- but also of Jordan and also of the need for
US support for a Palestinian state."
Those voicing support for Palestinian statehood fell to 29 percent
in the new poll, from 42 percent in the 1992 reading. About half
of the respondents said US aid to key Middle East states should be
The survey indicated that a sizeable plurality of Americans held
a positive view of Muslims -- and respondents, by a 2-1 margin,
believe there is a tendency to discriminate against Muslims in US
.By coincidence, the week-long polling began April 19 -- the day of
the terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City. The survey organizers said
the daily trackings showed a steady increase in positive attitudes
toward Islam, as it became clear that the culprits in the bombing
were not Arabs or Muslims.
In another development in Washington, major Arab-American and
Jewish organizations issued an unusual joint statement condemning
terrorist acts -- and rejecting stereotyping and discrimination
based on acts of individual members or religious and ethnic groups.
The declaration by the National Association of Arab Americans and
the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council also said
that US constitutional safeguards for civil liberties must be
respected in any new anti-terrorism legislation from Congress.
US Arab groups have bitterly criticized draft legislation, saying
its provisions would target their community for discrimination and
Declaration of israel's independence
Issued at Tel Aviv on May 14, 1948 (5th of Iyar, 5708)
The land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here
their spiritual, religious and national identity was formed. Here
they achieved independence and created a culture of national and
universal significance. Here they wrote and gave the Bible to the
Exiled from Palestine, the Jewish people remained faithful to it in
all the countries of their dispersion, never ceasing to pray and
hope for their return and the restoration of their national
Impelled by this historic association, Jews strove throughout the
centuries to go back to the land of their fathers and regain their
~statehood. In recent decades they returned in masses. They
reclaimed the wilderness, revived their language, built cities and
villages and established a vigorous and ever-growing community with
its own economic and cultural life. They sought peace yet were
ever prepared to defend themselves. They brought the blessing of
progress to all inhabitants of the country.
In the year 1897 the First Zionist Congress, inspired by Theodor
Herzl's vision of the Jewish State, proclaimed the right of the
Jewish people to national revival in their own country.
This right was acknowledged by the Balfour Declaration of November
2, 1917, and re-affirmed by the Mandate of the League of Nations,
which gave explicit international recognition to the historic
connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and their right to
reconstitute their National Home.
The Nazi Holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jews in Europe,
proved anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the Jewish
state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by
opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to
equality in the family of nations.
The survivors of the European catastrophe, as well as Jews from
other lands, proclaiming their right to a life of dignity, freedom
and labor, and undeterred by hazards, hardships and obstacles, have
tried unceasingly to enter Palestine.
In the Second World War the Jewish people in Palestine made a full
contribution in the struggle of the freedom-loving nations against
the Nazi evil. The sacrifices of their soldiers and the efforts of
their workers gained them title to rank with the peoples who
founded the United Nations.
On November 29, 1947, the General Assembly of the United Nations
adopted a Resolution for the establishment of an independent Jewish
State in Palestine, and called upon the inhabitants of the country
to take such steps as may be necessary on their part to put the
plan into effect.
This recognition by the United Nations of the right of the Jewish
people to establish their independent State may not be revoked. It
is, moreover, the self-evident right of the Jewish people to be a
nation, as all other nations, in its own sovereign State.
ACCORDINGLY, WE, the members of the National Council, representing
the Jewish people in Palestine and the Zionist movement of the
world, met together in solemn assembly today, the day of the
termination of the British mandate for Palestine, by virtue of the
natural and historic right of the Jewish and of the Resolution of
the General Assembly of the United Nations,
HEREBY PROCLAIM the establishment of the Jewish State in Palestine,
to be called ISRAEL.
WE HEREBY DECLARE that as from the termination of the Mandate at
midnight, this night of the 14th and 15th May, 1948, and until the
setting up of the duly elected bodies of the State in accordance
with a Constitution, to be drawn up by a Constituent Assembly not
later than the first day of October, 1948, the present National
Council shall act as the provisional administration, shall
constitute the Provisional Government of the State of Israel.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open to the immigration of Jews from
all countries of their dispersion; will promote the development of
the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants; will be based
on the precepts of liberty, justice and peace taught by the Hebrew
Prophets; will uphold the full social and political equality of all
its citizens, without distinction of race, creed or sex; will
guarantee full freedom of conscience, worship, education and
culture; will safeguard the sanctity and inviolability of the
shrines and Holy Places of all religions; and will dedicate itself
to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be ready to cooperate with the organs and
representatives of the United Nations in the implementation of the
Resolution of the Assembly of November 29, 1947, and will take
steps to bring about the Economic Union over the whole of
We appeal to the United Nations to assist the Jewish people in the
building of its State and to admit Israel into the family of
In the midst of wanton aggression, we yet call upon the Arab
inhabitants of the State of Israel to return to the ways of peace
and play their part in the development of the State, with full and
equal citizenship and due representation in its bodies and
institutions - provisional or permanent.
We offer peace and unity to all the neighboring states and their
peoples, and invite them to cooperate with the independent Jewish
nation for the common good of all.
Our call goes out the Jewish people all over the world to rally to
our side in the task of immigration and development and to stand by
us in the great struggle for the fulfillment of the dream of
generations - the redemption of Israel.
With trust in Almighty God, we set our hand to this Declaration, at
this Session of the Provisional State Council, in the city of Tel
Aviv, on this Sabbath eve, the fifth of Iyar, 5708, the fourteenth
day of May, 1948.
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