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>Israel Faxx
>PD Jan. 16, 1995, V3, #9

IDF Bombs PFLP HQ Near Beirut

By Patricia Golan (Jerusalem)

Israeli warplanes have bombed bases in Lebanon belonging to radical Palestinian guerrillas. The strikes south of Beirut Sunday forced the temporary closure of Beirut International Airport.

The Israeli planes attacked a base of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command. The PFLP is a breakaway faction led by Ahmed Jibril, a group opposed to peace with Israel.

The Israel army spokesman says pilots reported accurate hits on the bases which, the statement says, were used to launch attacks against Israeli targets. The PFLP General Command has recently stepped up its attacks in southern Lebanon, where Israel controls a buffer zone along the Lebanese-Israeli border.

During the raids, Beirut International Airport closed down for one hour when Israeli jets fired rockets into the hills south of the airfield. It was the first time the airport shut down since the end of Lebanon's civil war in 1990.

Sources in Lebanon say four civilians were injured in the bombing, the third Israeli raid on targets in Lebanon this year.

Peres Praises Argentine Efforts

By Dawn Makinson (Buenos Aires)

Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres is trying to allay fears of another terrorist attack in Argentina. Peres met with President Carlos Menem, and said Argentina's terrorist investigations are on the right track. But almost six months after a terrorist bombing destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires and killed almost 100 people, investigations have ended.

Under heavy security, Peres in Buenos Aires said Friday he feels safe in Argentina. Peres also praised Argentine terrorist investigations.

Two men are being held in connection with the most recent bombing of a Jewish center, but neither appears to have been directly involved. Investigators are concentrating on suspects in neighboring countries, and accusations by the local Jewish community that government investigators do not want to dig into local Nazi networks, which is reportedly link to terrorists.

Menem admitted poor security such as that provoked the last bombing, simply because it made Argentina such an easy target.

What Happened to Qubilah Shabazz?

By Paul Francuch (Chicago)

The daughter of slain Black Muslim leader Malcolm X, Qubilah Shabazz, was indicted last Thursday on charges she plotted to have another Black Muslim leader assassinated. It is the latest incident in a long bizarre tale of acrimony among members of the African-American Muslim community. Several leaders of the community are skeptical of the charges, believing the daughter of Malcolm X is a victim of government entrapment.

A nine-count federal indictment was handed down by prosecutors against Qubilah Shabazz in Minneapolis, the city where she is now living after allegedly moving there to hire a gunman to assassinate "Nation of Islam" Black Muslim leader Louis Farrakhan. Farrakhan was first the mentor and then rival of Malcolm X. He has also long been suspected by members of Malcolm's family of having a role in the 1965 murder. Farrakhan has consistently denied having any connection with the killing.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation says Shabazz made telephone calls to the gunman she wanted to hire and made a partial payment for the killing. The FBI says it informed Farrakhan of the plot. Shabazz voluntarily surrendered to authorities in Minneapolis and was released on bond. Her attorney says she is innocent of the charges, adding that the hired gunman is actually a one-time friend of Shabazz and a government informant.

This past Friday, representatives of the Nation of Islam joined the chorus of disbelief among some members of the African-American community. They suggested Shabazz's role is part of a government "conspiracy," to use the word of a Nation of Islam attorney, to disrupt a growing unity movement among the black community in the United States. Farrakhan has not yet commented publicly on the indictment of Shabazz.

Shabazz was at the New York City theater where her father, Malcolm X, was speaking when he was gunned-down by three men said to be followers of former Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad. The three were convicted of the slaying. But the family of Malcolm X and some authorities believe more were involved. Malcolm X's wife, Betty Shabazz, has publicly stated she suspects Farrakhan was in on the plot.

Farrakhan, a former New York City entertainer, was attracted to the Nation of Islam by Malcolm. The religious movement, which is generally not recognized by orthodox Islamic sects, was founded more than 60 years ago in Detroit by the late Fard Muhammad. The group later moved its headquarters to Chicago under the leadership of Elijah Muhammad, the son of a Baptist minister.

While outside estimates of the group's official membership have varied widely over the years, the Nation of Islam has attracted much wider attention and support of the African-American community than its official membership suggests. But the religious group has also been criticized for its teachings that white people are devils and that whites and blacks should remain separate.

Malcolm X was once a leading voice within the Nation and a spokesman for Elijah Muhammad.

Originally named Malcolm Little and reared in the Midwest, the man who was to be named Malcolm X saw his boyhood home burned to the ground by the Ku Klux Klan. A troubled youth whose father was murdered and whose mother was institutionalized for mental illness, Malcolm turned to the Nation of Islam for spiritual guidance while serving a prison sentence for burglary. After his release, Malcolm moved to Chicago to formally join Elijah Muhammad's sect.

Malcolm X's eloquent speeches against black exploitation by whites won him the widespread attention and admiration of African Americans. But in 1964, he left the Nation of Islam. The group suspended him after he made derogatory comments about President John F. Kennedy's assassination the year before. Malcolm's popularity also was said to have caused rivalry within the Nation of Islam. After leaving the group, he formed his own organization which rivaled the Nation of Islam. He was murdered a year later.

Before the killing, however, there were signs of impending violence. Malcolm X had charged that Elijah Muhammad had extramarital affairs. Bitter charges and countercharges were leveled. And in a now much-quoted event, Elijah Muhammad's new spokesman, Louis Farrakhan, wrote an article in the Nation of Islam's newsletter prior to Malcolm's murder suggesting that he "was worthy of death."

Division between Black Muslims in the U.S. has lingered on since the death of Malcolm X. When Elijah Muhammad died, his son, Wallace Dean Muhammad formed a more traditional Islamic sect while Farrakhan inherited the leadership of the Nation of Islam. News reports quoting anonymous Black Muslim sources say the two leaders are constantly protected against violence from one another's group.

Commentary: The Farrakhan Connection

By Dan Leeson (Los Altos, Calif.)

On reading the accusation that Malcolm X's daughter is alleged to have hired a hit-man to assassinate Louis Farrakhan, I ventured the opinion to myself that, within one week, there will be some way to tie the entire matter to the Jews.

I was wrong. It took only one day.

In the New York Times (Jan. 14, West Coast edition), reference is made to the fact that the person whom Malcolm X's daughter allegedly solicited for this foul act is a young man whose mother is said to be a Jew and who was a member of the Jewish Defense League.

The man is described as a drug user and a sordid past is ascribed to him as well.

How many news stories have you read recently in which some secondary
character was described as having a Catholic mother and belonging to the Masonic order, or having a Baptist mother and belonging to the American Chess Federation? But let Farrakhan be involved and, somehow, the media seems to find it necessary to investigate the religious backgrounds of every character in the scenario.

I remember as a child reading about the kidnapping of the Lindberg baby and then, very much later at the trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, being advised that the prosecuting attorney was a Jew. Perhaps if that person had been an Episcopalian, the wrongs done to the Lindberg family might have been more easily assimilated.

If there is a built-in reaction to look for Jews behind every negative human activity, it must be fed by or at least perpetuated by the actions of the media in this respect.

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