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>PD NOVEMBER 15, 1994, V2, #204

Immigration to Israel Increasing

During the first 10 days of November, 2,700 new immigrants arrived in Israel. Approximately 70,000 immigrants from the former Soviet Union are expected to arrive in Israel in 1994, an increase over the previous two years.

Palestinians Arrest Islamic Jihad Leader

By Al Pessin (Jerusalem)

The Palestinian police chief in Gaza says his forces arrested a senior leader of the radical group Islamic Jihad overnight. The police chief says the Palestinian Autonomy Authority is more concerned about the group's overall activities than about the suicide bombing it claimed responsibility for last week.

The police chief says his forces arrested the spokesman for Islamic Jihad, Sheikh Abdallah al-Shami -- but not specifically because his organization claimed responsibility for Friday's suicide bombing in Gaza.

Police Chief Gazi al-Jabali says the Autonomy Authority was more concerned about an Islamic Jihad demonstration, also on Friday, in which about 100 masked young men danced in the streets and fired weapons into the air. They called for violent opposition to the Israeli-Palestinian peace accord.

Al-Jabali says such behavior is inspired by Iran, which supports Islamic Jihad and other radical groups which are still fighting for a Palestinian state in all of what is now Israel.

Still, Sheikh al-Shami's arrest came amid a crackdown on Islamic Jihad in response to Friday's bombing, which has included the arrest of nearly 200 alleged radicals. The Palestinian Autonomy leader, Yasir Arafat, agrees with Israeli leaders that terrorism could destroy their peace efforts, but Israeli leaders believe Arafat could do more to disable the terrorist organizations.

Christopher Postpones Middle East Visit

U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher has postponed his upcoming visit to the Middle East, Davar reports. The visit, which had been planned for November 27, is now scheduled to begin December 6.

According to the newspaper, sources in Washington said the move to postpone the visit was directed at Syria. The sources added that the U.S. expects Syria to be more flexible in the negotiations with Israel.

Foreign Minister Shimon Peres said the postponement demonstrates that the United States is convinced that Syria must provide clearer statements regarding peace with Israel.

Danny Kaye--A New Biography

By Martin Bush (New York)

The late Danny Kaye, a world-renowned entertainer, was, according to a new biography, a very complicated, troubled human being.

People remember him as the star of such hit movies as "Hans Christian Anderson," "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" and "White Christmas." But what film viewers or, later, television viewers saw was only a limited aspect of the entertainer. Critics say Danny Kaye was so much better on a stage, a vital, brash theatrical force. His energy, his sheer joy of performing engulfed both him and his audience.

The Brooklyn-born performer defied category. He was not just a comedian, singer, dancer, storyteller or an actor. He was all these and more, especially in his one-man shows. With gesture, words, movement and song, Danny Kaye had a marvelous silliness, a presence that made his humor understandable the world over.

Martin Gottfried is the author of "Nobody's Fool," a new biography of Danny Kaye. He describes his subject as a world-class entertainer. "When he was onstage, this was an entertainer to rank with the greatest ever, from Dietrich to Chevalier, Victor Borge or Al Jolson. He was a strange combination of an elf and somebody with a knowing wink. People would often say they felt that he was communicating some form of love, and offstage that was something that he could never communicate, not even to his own family."

In private life, says author Gottfried, Danny Kaye was frequently morose, sometimes even nasty, someone who found it difficult to maintain relationships with men or women. To Gottfried, Kaye -- who lived from 1921 to 1987 -- was a sad, detached man, emotionally insulated from all who knew him.

The author compares Kaye to the classic Shakespearean fool, a character who plays the fool to the delight of others but who never smiles himself. Why the entertainer behaved this way, says Gottfried, is a question mark. Theories abound, facts are scarce.

For a major part of Danny Kaye's more than 40 years in show business, his mentor, manager, writer and producer was his wife, Sylvia Fine. Theirs was an unhappy marriage. Biographer Martin Gottfried says they fought for a lifetime yet could never leave each other.

"In the eyes of the American public, this was -- in a pre-feminist era -- our ideal marriage. She was the woman behind the man. But more people knew about this Sylvia Fine/Danny Kaye marriage probably than any other marriage in the country. And yet he was the star, and there used to be an expression: 'There was a fine head on his shoulders.' She sacrificed her career. She had begun as a very precocious musician and writer, and she was anticipating a career on Broadway writing shows, all of which she sacrificed to work for him: to write material for him and then to manage his career. And he would say much later in his life that he could not leave her, out of guilt.
And, of course, a life together built on guilt is not something calculated to result in love. He had a very serious and long, long love affair with Eve Arden, who became a star in her own right with a television series, 'Our Miss Brooks.' And he even left Sylvia for her for a brief time."

No show, no film kept Danny Kaye's name before the public as his years of fund-raising for the United Nations Children's Fund -- UNICEF -- a cause to which he was genuinely devoted. In traveling to various countries for UNICEF, Danny Kaye became a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations itself. Biographer Gottfried notes that "His name grew inseparable from the United Nations and concepts of peace, of grace toward children."

"One time when he came back from one of those world tours, it was made into a television program, and the producer of the show told him that he was going to be asked on camera: why he did this? And his answer was going to be: 'I'm doing this for my daughter, Dena.' And the producer said to him: 'I'd rather you didn't say that.' And Kaye said: 'Why is that?' And the producer said: 'Because if you're doing it for your daughter, you'd be better off spending some time with her.' And the fact was he was never with his real child. He was only with the world's children. And I think that was exemplary of Kaye's problem. He could do it on the grand scale. He could do it on the big stage. He couldn't do it person-to-person."

During the 1960s, Danny Kaye's career began to slip downward. For a few years he starred in a nationally televised variety program, a hit with neither public nor critics. He made personal appearances in Las Vegas. But, somehow in these declining years, he derived no joy, not even from performing. Kaye occupied his time then cooking Chinese food -- elegantly and professionally -- and flying, most competently, his twin-engine plane.

In 1981, six years before his death, a deeply depressed, non-caring Danny Kaye roused himself for one more starring effort. In a television movie entitled "Skokie," he played an elderly Jewish man who confronts neo-Nazi demonstrators in a Chicago suburb. And reviewers said he was superb.

A critic once wrote of Danny Kaye: "You will never forget the movement of his hands, a shrug of the shoulders, his look of innocence, his voice and a kind impishness which is his alone."

Racism in the U.S.A.

By Kent Klein (Washington)
An international team of religious and human rights leaders is urging the United Nations to investigate what it calls patterns of racism and human rights violations in the United States.

The nine leaders held several days of hearings with members of ethnic minorities in seven American cities. They say they found consistent patterns of racism throughout US society, and that many of the racist acts described appear to violate international human rights laws.

The team says ethnic minority members in the United States suffer from the effects of racism in housing, employment, health care, education, criminal justice, immigration policies and environmental quality.

Attorney Charles Steven Ralston, who represents clients in civil rights lawsuits, agrees that racism is widespread in the United states, although he admits some progress has been made against it. "We have much more in place in terms of remedies for discrimination and civil rights violations than other places do, but there's a lot still to be done to make those remedies a reality in the lives of many people."

The World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches, which organized the hearings, are urging the United Nations to monitor the US Government's performance on racism and human rights.

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