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>PD NOVEMBER 15, 1994, V2, #204
Immigration to Israel Increasing
During the first 10 days of November, 2,700 new immigrants
arrived in Israel. Approximately 70,000 immigrants from the former
Soviet Union are expected to arrive in Israel in 1994, an increase
over the previous two years.
Palestinians Arrest Islamic Jihad Leader
By Al Pessin (Jerusalem)
The Palestinian police chief in Gaza says his forces arrested a
senior leader of the radical group Islamic Jihad overnight. The
police chief says the Palestinian Autonomy Authority is more
concerned about the group's overall activities than about the
suicide bombing it claimed responsibility for last week.
The police chief says his forces arrested the spokesman for Islamic
Jihad, Sheikh Abdallah al-Shami -- but not specifically because
his organization claimed responsibility for Friday's suicide
bombing in Gaza.
Police Chief Gazi al-Jabali says the Autonomy Authority was more
concerned about an Islamic Jihad demonstration, also on Friday, in
which about 100 masked young men danced in the streets and fired
weapons into the air. They called for violent opposition to the
Israeli-Palestinian peace accord.
Al-Jabali says such behavior is inspired by Iran, which supports
Islamic Jihad and other radical groups which are still fighting for
a Palestinian state in all of what is now Israel.
Still, Sheikh al-Shami's arrest came amid a crackdown on Islamic
Jihad in response to Friday's bombing, which has included the
arrest of nearly 200 alleged radicals. The Palestinian Autonomy
leader, Yasir Arafat, agrees with Israeli leaders that terrorism
could destroy their peace efforts, but Israeli leaders believe
Arafat could do more to disable the terrorist organizations.
Christopher Postpones Middle East Visit
U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher has postponed his
upcoming visit to the Middle East, Davar reports. The visit, which
had been planned for November 27, is now scheduled to begin
According to the newspaper, sources in Washington said the move
to postpone the visit was directed at Syria. The sources added
that the U.S. expects Syria to be more flexible in the negotiations
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres said the postponement demonstrates
that the United States is convinced that Syria must provide clearer
statements regarding peace with Israel.
Danny Kaye--A New Biography
By Martin Bush (New York)
The late Danny Kaye, a world-renowned entertainer, was, according
to a new biography, a very complicated, troubled human being.
People remember him as the star of such hit movies as "Hans
Christian Anderson," "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" and "White
Christmas." But what film viewers or, later, television viewers
saw was only a limited aspect of the entertainer. Critics say Danny
Kaye was so much better on a stage, a vital, brash theatrical
force. His energy, his sheer joy of performing engulfed both him
and his audience.
The Brooklyn-born performer defied category. He was not just a
comedian, singer, dancer, storyteller or an actor. He was all
these and more, especially in his one-man shows. With gesture,
words, movement and song, Danny Kaye had a marvelous silliness, a
presence that made his humor understandable the world over.
Martin Gottfried is the author of "Nobody's Fool," a new biography
of Danny Kaye. He describes his subject as a world-class
entertainer. "When he was onstage, this was an entertainer to rank
with the greatest ever, from Dietrich to Chevalier, Victor Borge or
Al Jolson. He was a strange combination of an elf and somebody
with a knowing wink. People would often say they felt that he was
communicating some form of love, and offstage that was something
that he could never communicate, not even to his own family."
In private life, says author Gottfried, Danny Kaye was frequently
morose, sometimes even nasty, someone who found it difficult to
maintain relationships with men or women. To Gottfried, Kaye --
who lived from 1921 to 1987 -- was a sad, detached man, emotionally
insulated from all who knew him.
The author compares Kaye to the classic Shakespearean fool, a
character who plays the fool to the delight of others but who never
smiles himself. Why the entertainer behaved this way, says
Gottfried, is a question mark. Theories abound, facts are scarce.
For a major part of Danny Kaye's more than 40 years in show
business, his mentor, manager, writer and producer was his wife,
Sylvia Fine. Theirs was an unhappy marriage. Biographer Martin
Gottfried says they fought for a lifetime yet could never leave
"In the eyes of the American public, this was -- in a pre-feminist
era -- our ideal marriage. She was the woman behind the man. But
more people knew about this Sylvia Fine/Danny Kaye marriage
probably than any other marriage in the country. And yet he was
the star, and there used to be an expression: 'There was a fine
head on his shoulders.' She sacrificed her career. She had begun
as a very precocious musician and writer, and she was anticipating
a career on Broadway writing shows, all of which she sacrificed to
work for him: to write material for him and then to manage his
career. And he would say much later in his life that he could not
leave her, out of guilt.
And, of course, a life together built on guilt is not something
calculated to result in love. He had a very serious and long, long
love affair with Eve Arden, who became a star in her own right with
a television series, 'Our Miss Brooks.' And he even left Sylvia
for her for a brief time."
No show, no film kept Danny Kaye's name before the public as his
years of fund-raising for the United Nations Children's Fund --
UNICEF -- a cause to which he was genuinely devoted. In traveling
to various countries for UNICEF, Danny Kaye became a goodwill
ambassador for the United Nations itself. Biographer Gottfried
notes that "His name grew inseparable from the United Nations and
concepts of peace, of grace toward children."
"One time when he came back from one of those world tours, it was
made into a television program, and the producer of the show told
him that he was going to be asked on camera: why he did this? And
his answer was going to be: 'I'm doing this for my daughter, Dena.'
And the producer said to him: 'I'd rather you didn't say that.'
And Kaye said: 'Why is that?' And the producer said: 'Because if
you're doing it for your daughter, you'd be better off spending
some time with her.' And the fact was he was never with his real
child. He was only with the world's children. And I think that
was exemplary of Kaye's problem. He could do it on the grand
scale. He could do it on the big stage. He couldn't do it
During the 1960s, Danny Kaye's career began to slip downward. For
a few years he starred in a nationally televised variety program,
a hit with neither public nor critics. He made personal appearances
in Las Vegas. But, somehow in these declining years, he derived
no joy, not even from performing. Kaye occupied his time then
cooking Chinese food -- elegantly and professionally -- and flying,
most competently, his twin-engine plane.
In 1981, six years before his death, a deeply depressed, non-caring
Danny Kaye roused himself for one more starring effort. In a
television movie entitled "Skokie," he played an elderly Jewish man
who confronts neo-Nazi demonstrators in a Chicago suburb. And
reviewers said he was superb.
A critic once wrote of Danny Kaye: "You will never forget the
movement of his hands, a shrug of the shoulders, his look of
innocence, his voice and a kind impishness which is his alone."
Racism in the U.S.A.
By Kent Klein (Washington)
An international team of religious and human rights leaders is
urging the United Nations to investigate what it calls patterns of
racism and human rights violations in the United States.
The nine leaders held several days of hearings with members of
ethnic minorities in seven American cities. They say they found
consistent patterns of racism throughout US society, and that many
of the racist acts described appear to violate international human
The team says ethnic minority members in the United States suffer
from the effects of racism in housing, employment, health care,
education, criminal justice, immigration policies and environmental
Attorney Charles Steven Ralston, who represents clients in civil
rights lawsuits, agrees that racism is widespread in the United
states, although he admits some progress has been made against
it. "We have much more in place in terms of remedies for
discrimination and civil rights violations than other places do,
but there's a lot still to be done to make those remedies a reality
in the lives of many people."
The World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches,
which organized the hearings, are urging the United Nations to
monitor the US Government's performance on racism and human rights.
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