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>PD October 24, 1994, V2, #194
Cabinet Says Yes to Jordan Peace
By Patricia Golan (Jerusalem)
Israel's Cabinet has endorsed the peace treaty between
Israel and Jordan, initialed last week in Amman. The formal
signing ceremony is to take place Wednesday in the Arava desert
on the Israeli-Jordanian border. The government also agreed to
allow thousands of foreign workers to go to Israel to replace
Palestinian workers now barred from entering Israel.
Not surprisingly, the Israeli Cabinet unanimously approved the
draft treaty with Jordan, only the second peace treaty Israel has
reached with an Arab country. The other was signed with Egypt in
The cabinet also voted to allow into the country an additional
19,000 foreign workers, mainly from Romania and Thailand. The
laborers will work in construction and agriculture, replacing
Palestinian workers from Gaza and the West Bank.
Following last week's Tel Aviv bus bombing, Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin ordered an indefinite closure of the West Bank and Gaza,
which prevents Palestinians from crossing into Israel to jobs. The
decision to import workers indicates Israel intends to maintain the
closure for a long time.
The death toll in the bus bombing has now risen to 22 Israelis,
with the death of a 61-year-old woman who was injured in the bomb
The Islamic resistance movement, Hamas, took responsibility for
the attack, carried out by a suicide bomber who was also killed
in the blast. The organization issued a statement which said
the bombing was the fifth attack carried out in revenge for the
Hebron massacre last February, in which an Israeli settler shot
dead 29 Palestinian worshipers at a mosque in Hebron. Hamas says
it intends to continue its attacks.
Arafat Won't Attend Peace Ceremony
By Peyman Pejman (Cairo)
Jordan's King Hussein has defended his decision to sign a peace
treaty with Israel. Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman
Yasir Arafat -- whose relations with King Hussein are tense these
days -- says his envoy will not attend the Jordanian-Israeli
signing ceremony Wednesday.
King Hussein told the opening session of the parliament that Jordan
will continue to insist on its rights over Muslim holy sites in
Jerusalem. In the Jordanian-Israeli peace accord, Israel respects
Jordan's special role in administering the sites and says it will
give high priority to the Jordanian role in future negotiations on
the permanent status of Jerusalem.
The PLO says it should be in charge of the sites.
The king also said Jordan is right in signing a separate peace
treaty with Israel because there was little coordination among
the Arab states in their peace talks with Israel.
Syria and the PLO have criticized Jordan for signing a separate
peace treaty with Israel. They said they wanted Jordan to wait
until further progress is reached in the Syrian-Israeli and
Palestinian-Israeli peace talks.
The Jordanian-Israeli peace treaty -- formally ending 46 years of
animosity between the two states -- must be ratified by the new
parliament. The Islamic Action Party -- which occupies 16 of the
parliament's 80 seats -- has boycotted the ratifying session.
Other parties are expected to vote for it.
14 Days of Terror Engulfs Israeli Psyche
By Al Pessin (Jerusalem)
The last two weeks have been momentous ones in Israel, where there
has been intensive peacemaking and at the same time intensive
It has been an emotional roller coaster for Israelis, of not just
good news and bad news, but of amazing, astounding, historic good
news and horrible, shocking, gut-wrenching bad news. Sociology
professor Moshe Lissak of Hebrew University. "We are living for
many years in a schizophrenic context, but now all the syndromes
and the symptoms of this schizophrenic context have been
concentrated in a week or two." Lissak says ups and downs are
nothing new for Israelis, but the last two weeks have been
During that brief period, Palestinian gunmen from the radical group
Hamas shot up a popular Jerusalem promenade lined with cafes,
terrorists from the same group kidnapped and killed an Israeli
soldier and the same group bombed a bus in Tel Aviv killing 22
people. Also during the past two weeks, Israeli leaders flew to
Amman to initial a peace treaty with Jordan and the top Israeli and
Palestinian leaders shared the Nobel Peace Prize for the accord
they signed last year.
And as if that weren't enough, the Israel-Palestinian peace is in
crisis over the terrorism by the radicals -- even though the
Palestinian Autonomy Authority opposes it -- leaving the Authority
caught between trying to please Israel and trying not to alienate
its own people. In addition, Palestinian leaders are angry about
the Israel-Jordan treaty, which they say infringes on their rights
regarding Muslim religious institutions in Jerusalem.
Professor Lissak of Hebrew University says the result of all that
is a confusing and frustrating period for Israelis. "The people are
frustrated because they can't actually have a clear cut view about
the future, or even the near future because there is a sort of a
symbiosis between peace and terrorist action, peace and violence.
I mean, it was not expected to this extent."
There is a political impact to that frustration. Many analysts
believe Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin must sharply reduce
the terrorism or his party will lose next year's election, a
development which would likely slow down the peace process, and
could reverse it. Already, the terrorism has forced a slowdown
in the expansion of Palestinian autonomy -- which, ironically, is
one of the terrorists' main goals.
And as a sociologist, Lissak also sees another impact -- an
increase in support for a concept Rabin spoke about in the wake of
the Tel Aviv bus bombing. The concept is "separation," and the
idea is that having Israelis in Palestinian areas and Palestinians
in Israel is too dangerous, and creates an economic dependence
which cannot be sustained because of the strong animosity between
the two groups.
"The Arabs of the territories, of the West Bank, of the Palestinian
Autonomy, they don't want to be integrated, they don't wish or
aspire to be integrated into Israeli society. They have a separate
identity, political culture and so on. And it should be separated,
to a great extent, for the time being, I think. I think it will be
very healthy for the two societies."
Israeli and Jordanian leaders will sign their peace treaty
Wednesday, with President Clinton looking on. A few days later, an
Israeli delegation will for the first time attend a regional
conference with Arab countries, in Morocco, carrying visions of
economic integration and peaceful coexistence. But after the
events of the last two weeks they will also be carrying fresh
reminders that achieving real peace is more difficult than
signing treaties or making speeches at conferences, more
difficult than even the toughest negotiations, more difficult
perhaps than many Israelis ever thought.
Shlomo Carlebach Dies in New York
By Don Canaan
Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach -- the father of modern-day Jewish religious
music -- died of a heart attack Friday morning in New York.
The funeral took place Sunday at his synagogue on 79th Street in
Manhattan, New York City.
The guitar-strumming Carlebach, who has been called "the pre-
eminent Jewish singer of our time," was born in Germany and raised
in Vienna and New York City. He attended Orthodox religious schools
in New York.
In April 1982, he performed for residents of Yamit, including
former Adath Israel Congregation Cantor Chaim Feifel and his wife,
Sara, just two days before the Israeli Sinai city was returned to
Carlebach's musical history goes back to the 1960s when he was
rabbi of the House of Love and Prayer in San Francisco. Because of
this association, he retained the reputation as being a "hippie"
Appearing at Ohav Shalom Congregation, Carlebach spoke directly to
Cincinnati's Jewish community. "Wasting time talking about
anti-Semitism is an absolute waste...Right now, we Jews can make
the world our friends. It's up to us.
"Every Jew has to begin shining.If all of us Jews would be the
way that God wants us to be--so spiritual, so lofty and so full
of love, full of joy--the world will look at us with different
eyes...We have something the world needs the most. We have the
strength not to despair...If there's any hope in the world, it
comes from us Jews. We taught the world not to give up."
To ensure communal Jewish survival in the years to come,
Carlebach expressed feelings about increased "Hebrew-Christian"
missionary efforts aimed at students. He puts the initial blame
for this on parents.
"All those kids that fall for them are kids whose parents never
taught them what a Jew is. I'm not angry at the missionaries.
I'm angry at the parents." Parents, he said, who never discuss
God with their children, but do discuss "money and bagels and
lox. It's time for us Jews to become Jews again. " Reinforcing
the lack of parental concern, Carlebach continued: Jewish
communities "always waste their money on the wrong thing." He
called for "new teachers" and "new rabbis."
Carlebach suggested closing, for one day, all of the synagogues
and schools and starting "all over again...The best young people
are not in the schools to become rabbis--they're somewhere
else," learning to become doctors and lawyers.
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