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>Israel Faxx
>PD October 24, 1994, V2, #194

Cabinet Says Yes to Jordan Peace

By Patricia Golan (Jerusalem)

Israel's Cabinet has endorsed the peace treaty between Israel and Jordan, initialed last week in Amman. The formal signing ceremony is to take place Wednesday in the Arava desert on the Israeli-Jordanian border. The government also agreed to allow thousands of foreign workers to go to Israel to replace Palestinian workers now barred from entering Israel.

Not surprisingly, the Israeli Cabinet unanimously approved the draft treaty with Jordan, only the second peace treaty Israel has reached with an Arab country. The other was signed with Egypt in 1979.

The cabinet also voted to allow into the country an additional 19,000 foreign workers, mainly from Romania and Thailand. The laborers will work in construction and agriculture, replacing Palestinian workers from Gaza and the West Bank.

Following last week's Tel Aviv bus bombing, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin ordered an indefinite closure of the West Bank and Gaza, which prevents Palestinians from crossing into Israel to jobs. The decision to import workers indicates Israel intends to maintain the closure for a long time.

The death toll in the bus bombing has now risen to 22 Israelis, with the death of a 61-year-old woman who was injured in the bomb blast.

The Islamic resistance movement, Hamas, took responsibility for the attack, carried out by a suicide bomber who was also killed in the blast. The organization issued a statement which said the bombing was the fifth attack carried out in revenge for the Hebron massacre last February, in which an Israeli settler shot dead 29 Palestinian worshipers at a mosque in Hebron. Hamas says it intends to continue its attacks.

Arafat Won't Attend Peace Ceremony

By Peyman Pejman (Cairo)

Jordan's King Hussein has defended his decision to sign a peace treaty with Israel. Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat -- whose relations with King Hussein are tense these days -- says his envoy will not attend the Jordanian-Israeli signing ceremony Wednesday.

King Hussein told the opening session of the parliament that Jordan will continue to insist on its rights over Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem. In the Jordanian-Israeli peace accord, Israel respects Jordan's special role in administering the sites and says it will give high priority to the Jordanian role in future negotiations on the permanent status of Jerusalem.

The PLO says it should be in charge of the sites.

The king also said Jordan is right in signing a separate peace treaty with Israel because there was little coordination among the Arab states in their peace talks with Israel.

Syria and the PLO have criticized Jordan for signing a separate peace treaty with Israel. They said they wanted Jordan to wait until further progress is reached in the Syrian-Israeli and Palestinian-Israeli peace talks.

The Jordanian-Israeli peace treaty -- formally ending 46 years of animosity between the two states -- must be ratified by the new parliament. The Islamic Action Party -- which occupies 16 of the parliament's 80 seats -- has boycotted the ratifying session. Other parties are expected to vote for it.

14 Days of Terror Engulfs Israeli Psyche

By Al Pessin (Jerusalem)

The last two weeks have been momentous ones in Israel, where there has been intensive peacemaking and at the same time intensive terrorism.

It has been an emotional roller coaster for Israelis, of not just good news and bad news, but of amazing, astounding, historic good news and horrible, shocking, gut-wrenching bad news. Sociology professor Moshe Lissak of Hebrew University. "We are living for many years in a schizophrenic context, but now all the syndromes and the symptoms of this schizophrenic context have been concentrated in a week or two." Lissak says ups and downs are nothing new for Israelis, but the last two weeks have been something different.

During that brief period, Palestinian gunmen from the radical group Hamas shot up a popular Jerusalem promenade lined with cafes, terrorists from the same group kidnapped and killed an Israeli soldier and the same group bombed a bus in Tel Aviv killing 22 people. Also during the past two weeks, Israeli leaders flew to Amman to initial a peace treaty with Jordan and the top Israeli and Palestinian leaders shared the Nobel Peace Prize for the accord they signed last year.

And as if that weren't enough, the Israel-Palestinian peace is in crisis over the terrorism by the radicals -- even though the Palestinian Autonomy Authority opposes it -- leaving the Authority caught between trying to please Israel and trying not to alienate its own people. In addition, Palestinian leaders are angry about the Israel-Jordan treaty, which they say infringes on their rights regarding Muslim religious institutions in Jerusalem.

Professor Lissak of Hebrew University says the result of all that is a confusing and frustrating period for Israelis. "The people are frustrated because they can't actually have a clear cut view about the future, or even the near future because there is a sort of a symbiosis between peace and terrorist action, peace and violence. I mean, it was not expected to this extent."

There is a political impact to that frustration. Many analysts believe Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin must sharply reduce the terrorism or his party will lose next year's election, a development which would likely slow down the peace process, and could reverse it. Already, the terrorism has forced a slowdown in the expansion of Palestinian autonomy -- which, ironically, is one of the terrorists' main goals.

And as a sociologist, Lissak also sees another impact -- an increase in support for a concept Rabin spoke about in the wake of the Tel Aviv bus bombing. The concept is "separation," and the idea is that having Israelis in Palestinian areas and Palestinians in Israel is too dangerous, and creates an economic dependence which cannot be sustained because of the strong animosity between the two groups.

"The Arabs of the territories, of the West Bank, of the Palestinian Autonomy, they don't want to be integrated, they don't wish or aspire to be integrated into Israeli society. They have a separate identity, political culture and so on. And it should be separated, to a great extent, for the time being, I think. I think it will be very healthy for the two societies."

Israeli and Jordanian leaders will sign their peace treaty Wednesday, with President Clinton looking on. A few days later, an Israeli delegation will for the first time attend a regional conference with Arab countries, in Morocco, carrying visions of economic integration and peaceful coexistence. But after the events of the last two weeks they will also be carrying fresh reminders that achieving real peace is more difficult than signing treaties or making speeches at conferences, more difficult than even the toughest negotiations, more difficult perhaps than many Israelis ever thought.

Shlomo Carlebach Dies in New York

By Don Canaan

Rabbi Shlomo Carlebach -- the father of modern-day Jewish religious music -- died of a heart attack Friday morning in New York.

The funeral took place Sunday at his synagogue on 79th Street in Manhattan, New York City.

The guitar-strumming Carlebach, who has been called "the pre- eminent Jewish singer of our time," was born in Germany and raised in Vienna and New York City. He attended Orthodox religious schools in New York.

In April 1982, he performed for residents of Yamit, including former Adath Israel Congregation Cantor Chaim Feifel and his wife, Sara, just two days before the Israeli Sinai city was returned to Egyptian administration.

Carlebach's musical history goes back to the 1960s when he was rabbi of the House of Love and Prayer in San Francisco. Because of this association, he retained the reputation as being a "hippie" rabbi.

Appearing at Ohav Shalom Congregation, Carlebach spoke directly to Cincinnati's Jewish community. "Wasting time talking about anti-Semitism is an absolute waste...Right now, we Jews can make the world our friends. It's up to us.

"Every Jew has to begin shining.If all of us Jews would be the way that God wants us to be--so spiritual, so lofty and so full of love, full of joy--the world will look at us with different eyes...We have something the world needs the most. We have the strength not to despair...If there's any hope in the world, it comes from us Jews. We taught the world not to give up."

To ensure communal Jewish survival in the years to come, Carlebach expressed feelings about increased "Hebrew-Christian" missionary efforts aimed at students. He puts the initial blame for this on parents.

"All those kids that fall for them are kids whose parents never taught them what a Jew is. I'm not angry at the missionaries. I'm angry at the parents." Parents, he said, who never discuss God with their children, but do discuss "money and bagels and lox. It's time for us Jews to become Jews again. " Reinforcing the lack of parental concern, Carlebach continued: Jewish communities "always waste their money on the wrong thing." He called for "new teachers" and "new rabbis."

Carlebach suggested closing, for one day, all of the synagogues and schools and starting "all over again...The best young people are not in the schools to become rabbis--they're somewhere else," learning to become doctors and lawyers.

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