Newsletter : 4fax0928.txt
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\ ___\ \ /
Israel Faxx \/ / \/ /
Sept 29, 1994 Volume 2, #177 / /\__/_/\
Electronic World Communications, Inc. /__\ \_____\
8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215 \ /
Internet: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: (513) 563-7424 \/
King Hussein Pits Himself Against Arafat
By Mohamed Ghuneim (Amman)
King Hussein of Jordan declared that he was relinquishing authority
over Islamic shrines and religious affairs in the West Bank. But he
reaffirmed his resolve to continue Jordan's control of the Islamic
holy places in Jerusalem.
The decision to retain Jordan's authority over Muslim sites in
Jerusalem and cut ties with others in the West Bank was taken
in a Cabinet meeting presided by King Hussein. It said all
religious endowments -- and Islamic courts in the West Bank
except Jerusalem -- are to be included in Jordan's 1988 decision
to sever all legal and administrative links with the West Bank.
The move is seen as a new stage in the conflict between Jordan
and the PLO over Jerusalem. The king was angered by a Palestine
self-rule authority announcement it will be taking charge of holy
shrines and religious affairs in the occupied territories,
The Jordanian-Palestinian discord over Jerusalem erupted following
the PLO's agreement with Israel on self-rule in Washington last
September. Since that time, King Hussein has reaffirmed Jordan's
historical responsibility toward holy places in Jerusalem and
maintained that he accepts no sovereignty over Jerusalem other
than the authority of God.
Gamla Will Not Fall Again
Commentary: Hatikvah News Service
The ancient Jewish city in the southern Golan Heights was
called Gamla because the shape of the site resembles that of a
camel's (gamal in Hebrew) back. Terraced housing built of the
local black basalt (volcanic) rock covered one side of the "hump."
The other side, much steeper, was treacherous and unsuitable for
habitation. Gamla was well fortified, both naturally and by walls.
Then, as now, its fate was tied to that of Jerusalem. The Jews of
Gamla fought the harsh decrees of the Romans just as the Jews of
Jerusalem did, to keep Judea (Israel) free and independent.
The Romans eventually succeeded in breaching the walls of
Gamla. Four thousand Jews were killed in the fighting in the city
while 5,000 others fled to the top of the "hump" and were either
pushed off the cliffs by the Romans or chose suicide. Standing on
those rocky heights where the eagles make their nests, one can
almost hear the screams of those long-ago Jews. An audiovisual
presentation at the archeological museum in Katzrin relates
the story of Gamla's last battle in the year 67 C.E.
In 1967 C.E., the Jews returned to the Golan and Gamla, having
fought off the attacking Syrians, pushing them off the heights from
which they threatened the Galilee. Today there are 13,000 Jewish
residents on the Golan -- modern day pioneers who are now fighting
for their right to live in this area which is vital to Israel both
for its water resources and its defense advantages. In
mid-September, the citizens of the Golan set up their main protest
tent at Gamla. The significance of the choice of Gamla is clear.
Some people there have proclaimed a hunger strike until the
government of Israel declares that under no circumstances will
Israel leave the Golan again. The Jews are once again waging a
battle in and for Gamla to keep the Golan Jewish. Gamla will not
German Museum Tells Contemporary History
By Evans Hays
Germany's new Museum of Contemporary History is alive and well,
despite some bad reviews in the press when it opened recently. The
museum shows how Germans survived World War 2, were divided between
East and West during the Cold War, but overcame that division to
become a united country again.
Museum visitors can walk through layers of history, beginning with
the Hitler years, the concentration camps, the persecution. The
museum shows life as it was for ordinary Germans and their victims.
The exhibits include everything from the mundane to the horrible --
from war-time ration books to photographs of Nazi executions. The
path through German history moves from the Nazi era to the post-war
years and the cold war. It includes a walk through an American
airplane used during the Berlin Airlift. From there, the visitor
moves into the 1950s and up to the present day.
Some critics have said the museum does not devote sufficient
space to the division of Germany during the Cold War and life under
communism in the East. Museum spokeswoman Helena von Wersebe
rejected that criticism. "That is indeed a misconception and
unfortunately many people still have that misconception."
There are close to 7,000 exhibits, more than most viewers can
appreciate in one day. But von Wersebe says that is part of
the museum's goal. She says the museum wants people to return to
see experience their own history.
She says watching the visitors in the museum can be a moving
experience. "And I must say it's been very, very, positive, and
very touching. I have often seen especially older people come out
in tears almost as they have relived part of their own history. I
have seen young children or grandchildren with grandparents and
families come through. And I have seen them explain history to
Von Wersebe says the museum has not tried to gloss over the crimes
of the Nazi era as it portrays modern German history. Asked if the
museum wanted to avoid the painful topic of the Nazi years, she
replied: "I don't think so. I think we look fairly at the
positives and the negatives. It's not our intention to show only
the positive, but to show history as much as possible as it really
was. It's our interest to be as objective as possible. Specifically
to your point of glossing over the National Socialist dictatorship,
we don't do that. As a matter of fact, roughly three or four times
in the museum we actually look at this topic very specifically.
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