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  Israel Faxx                                      \/ /  \/ /
  August 18, 1994 Volume 2, #154                   / /\__/_/\
  Electronic World Communications, Inc.           /__\ \_____\
  8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215             \  /
  Internet: Phone: (513) 563-7424   \/

A large and complicated subterranean water installation from the 10th century BCE has recently been unearthed at Tel Beersheva in the Negev. The Antiquities Department reports that it was in working order 3,000 years ago, with the water flow diverted from streams rather than underground pumping. No other such installation has been discovered in Israel.

Testimony in Carlos Trial Could be Bombshell

By Larry James (Paris)

Lawyers representing the international terrorist Carlos have begun preparing to defend their client in a French court. Carlos is now in a French prison and under investigation for a 1982 car-bombing in Paris. The trial is likely to be among the most closely watched in recent French history and there is already a great deal of speculation about what Carlos' testimony could reveal.

Attorney Mourad Oussedik is threatening to sue the French government, claiming his client was kidnapped from the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. Carlos' other attorney, the controversial French lawyer, Jacques Verges, says his client will try to justify his politics in general and his ideological motivation when he appears in court.

Carlos' two attorneys, Oussedik and Verges, who have made a career of defending notorious clients, including Gestapo chief Klaus Barbie.

Illich Ramirez Sanchez, or Carlos, is perhaps the world's most notorious and sought-after terrorist. He is implicated in numerous bombings, killings, and kidnappings in the Middle East and Europe, most notably in France.

During a brief court appearance Tuesday, Carlos was officially placed under investigation for a 1982 car-bombing in Paris. He has already been tried and convicted in absentia for the 1975 murder of two French anti-terrorist agents, but under French law he will have to be retried for those slayings.

Israeli-Palestinian Liaison Committee Meets in Alexandria

By Laurie Kassman (Cairo)

Top PLO negotiator Nabil Shaath and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres met Wednesday in the Egyptian resort of Alexandria to try to work out snags that are holding up talks to extend Palestinian rule to the West Bank.

Peres told reporters the two sides had worked out a joint declaration on measures to curb violence in the self-rule areas, a key concern for Israel. Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin has threatened to suspend implementation of the self-rule agreements if the Palestinian authorities don't curb violence by extremists opposed to the peace deal.

Earlier in the day, Shaath noted that Israel could not quell the violence during its 27-year occupation so it should be more realistic about how quickly the PLO can rein in the Hamas militants.

Before the meeting, the PLO had complained about Israeli delays in implementing parts of the self-rule deal. Shaath cited delays in opening the safe passage links between the Gaza Strip and Jericho on the West Bank, in releasing Palestinian political prisoners and in posting Palestinian police at border crossings.

Later, Peres said the two sides agreed on Palestinian liaison officers to help supervise border crossings and on the make-up of the foreign observer missions to monitor the peace deal in Gaza and Jericho. He said Israel also has agreed to release some 240 Palestinian prisoners by tomorrow.

Yankel Rosenbaum's Killer Pleads Not Guilty

By Chris Simkins (New York)

A New York teenager, acquitted of murdering a rabbinical student during a racial riot three years ago, pleaded not guilty Wednesday to new federal civil rights charges in the case. Nineteen year old Lemrick Nelson pleaded not guilty to federal charges of civil rights violations in the stabbing death of Australian rabbinical scholar Yankel Rosenbaum.

Rosenbaum was killed during a racial disturbance in a largely Jewish and black neighborhood of the borough of Brooklyn. The rioting erupted after a car in a motorcade of a Chasidic Jewish group accidentally struck and killed a young black boy. Blacks in the community then attacked Jewish residents.

In a court appearance Wednesday, Nelson said the new charges against him were not fair. He was released on $25,000 bail.

In 1992, Nelson was found not guilty of state charges in connection with Rosenbaum's death. The acquittal angered Jewish leaders. Since then they have pressed for an investigation into whether federal civil rights laws could be used to retry Nelson. He will be back in court on September 8.

Device Found, Detonated at LA Jewish center

(Reuter)--On Tuesday, police exploded a suspicious military-style device outside the Los Angeles Simon Wiesenthal Center Museum of Tolerance. It was not immediately known if the object was a bomb.

The center is a leading Jewish establishment in the United States. Wiesenthal, a death camp survivor, has led the fight to bring former Nazis to trial for crimes against Jews during World War 2.

The incident at the museum followed the bombing deaths of more than 100 people in a building housing Jewish organizations in Buenos Aires, 21 people aboard a commuter plane in Panama and two other bombings in London that left 18 people injured last month.

A three-block area surrounding the center in West Los Angeles was evacuated around 7.30 p.m. EDT after police received a call from center officials, Los Angeles police officer Don Cox said.

The device was detonated at 9 p.m. EDT without incident. Cox said the device was exploded on the spot, indicating bomb experts did not consider it dangerous. He said it would be some time before the bomb squad could determine whether it was a bomb or not.

Reporter's Notebook: Jerusalem Reporting

By Art Chimes (Jerusalem)

Correspondent Art Chimes is finishing up a three-year assignment in Jerusalem, where he has witnessed the change of the Arab-Israeli conflict, one of the most enduring disputes of this century. He offers some thoughts and memories from his reporter's notebook.

I went to a news conference the other day. Two officials emerged from a meeting, made statements and answered questions from reporters. A pretty routine event in the life of a foreign correspondent? Well, not exactly.

The two officials were the prime minister of Israel and the head of the PLO, a group once pledged to the destruction of the Jewish state. That wasn't the really amazing part. Even more astonishing was how routine it all seemed, as if this sort of thing had been going on for years.

Changes here have been so dramatic that it's hard to remember how different things were only three years ago, when I first arrived.

Back in mid-1991, it was the heyday of the intifada -- the Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation. Clashes between stone-throwing Palestinian youngsters and Israeli troops were an almost-daily occurrence, the acrid smell of burning cars drifting through the haze of tear gas in Jabalya or Ramallah or Jerusalem.

The casualties added up -- Palestinian kids who have never known anything but military occupation ... And soldiers, young recruits and middle-aged reservists, who, along with the rest of Israel, began to wonder whether the price of holding on to the occupied territories wasn't getting too high.

Three years later, Yasir Arafat is living an hour's drive south of Tel Aviv. This is a man who was demonized for a generation in Israel as the personification of terrorism. Now, he lives in the neighborhood, and Israelis hardly seem to notice.

First, came Israel's agreement with the Palestinians and then one with the Jordanians. With breathtaking speed, Israel and Jordan ended their state of war and, two weeks later, Yitzhak Rabin was a guest aboard King Hussein's royal yacht.

An Israeli travel agency near our office displays posters of Jordan, a portrait of the king and queen, even a Jordanian tourist map that seems to include the West Bank as part of the Hashemite kingdom.

I always found it odd that the longing of the Palestinians for a state of their own failed to resonate with residents of Israel -- a country, which itself, was founded as a homeland for the long-dispersed Jewish people. As an outsider, I suppose I see some of the similarities between Arabs and Jews that they often fail to acknowledge. They eat the same food, listen to some of the same music, and they all drive like maniacs.

One of the saddest and most disturbing stories I covered here was a few months ago, when homosexual men and women gathered to pay tribute to the lesbians and gay men who were killed by the Nazis. They tried to hold a dignified memorial service at Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust center and one of the country's most revered sites, a secular shrine. The event was repeatedly disrupted by Holocaust survivors who ran, screaming, across the memorial hall, to try to stop the ceremony.

I know one of the things I'll miss is the sheer, exuberant beauty of the land. I've always found it ironic that some of those most passionately attached to the land, right-wing Israelis, seem to be the ones most responsible for despoiling the landscape with millions of signs, placards and bumper stickers bearing their political messages.

There have been, of course, good times, but the conflict was never very far from the surface, and despite our professional detachment, the violence sometimes got to us, journalists, too. For me, it wasn't the mass murder in the Hebron mosque by a Jewish settler earlier this year. It was the killing last year of a middle-aged farmer, shot as he sat on his tractor plowing a field. It was a pointless, stupid act of random violence by a crazed extremist, ultimately signifying nothing. I'm not going to tell you who in this sad tale was the Arab and who was the Jew because, in the end, does it really matter?

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