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  Israel Faxx                                      \/ /  \/ /
  July 26, 1994 Volume 2, #137                     / /\__/_/\
  Electronic World Communications, Inc.           /__\ \_____\
  8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215             \  /
  Internet: ewcnews@tso.uc.edu Phone: (513) 563-7424   \/
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In New York City, the most popular names for babies last year were Michael, for boys, and Ashley, for girls. Records show that Michael has been the most popular name for male babies since 1981. And during that same time, Christopher has remained at number two. Other popular baby names in New York City last year were Stephanie, Jessica and Amanda for girls, and Jonathan, Anthony and Daniel for boys. The records show 52 of New York City's babies were named Elvis last year.

Israel and Jordan End State of War

By Deborah Tate (White House)

At a White House ceremony Monday, Jordan's King Hussein and Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed a joint declaration ending a state of war between their two nations that has existed since 1948. President Clinton said the occasion marked a new chapter in Middle East peace.

Clinton said with the signing of the declaration, King Hussein and Prime Minister Rabin have pledged to settle their differences by peaceful means.

At a ceremony on the South Lawn of the White House, Clinton announced that Israel and Jordan have decided to take immediate steps to normalize relations and resolve outstanding issues such as water sharing and joint police cooperation. The president also said Jordan and Israel are also taking steps to bring their people together by establishing telephone links and open border crossings. The president hailed the occasion as historic.

"Today we gather to bear witness to history, as this century draws to a close, a new era of peace opens before us in ancient lands as brave men choose reconciliation over conflict.

"The Koran instructs us: 'Requite evil with good, and he who is your enemy will become your dearest friend.' And the Talmud teaches: 'That man is a hero that can make a friend out of a foe.' Before us today stand friends and heroes. King Hussein, Prime Minister Rabin -- all Americans welcome your presence here today. You give us great hope that this house, our people's house, will be a constant witness to a lasting peace that spreads forth to embrace your region."

The president said Jordan and Israel will continue talks to produce a peace treaty as part of a broader objective for a comprehensive peace between Israel and all its Arab neighbors. But he added that the road ahead will not be easy, and he pledged US support for their efforts toward reconciliation.

King Hussein said the signing ceremony marked an important step toward bringing peace to the entire region. "And so it is that on this day in the house of the great American people we have been able to take a historic step which we hope and pray will be to the benefit of our peoples within the entire region -- Jordanians, Israelis and others.

"For many, many years, and with every prayer, I have asked God, the Almighty, to help me be a part of forging peace between the children of Abraham, as Moslems, for the word 'Islam' means submitting to the one God. This is a dream that goes before me -- my late grandfather and now I. And to feel that we are close to fulfilling that dream and presenting future generations in our region with a legacy of hope and openness, where normality is that which replaces the abnormal in our lives, which unfortunately over the years has become normal. Where neighbors meet, where people meet, where human relations thrive, where all seek a better future and a better tomorrow.

Prime Minister Rabin echoed similar comments -- saying the occasion was a hopeful one for future generations. "Millions of eyes all over the world are watching us now with great relief and great joy. Another nightmare of war may be over. At the same time, millions of eyes in the Middle East are looking at us now with great heartfelt hope that our children and grandchildren will know no more war."

"What is actually plain to us here -- hundreds of millions of people around the world shake hands many times each day. It is perhaps the most routine action done almost automatically, without thinking. And it is actually a greeting of peace that unites almost all of the peoples of the world.

Here, the handshake and the excitement, the many photographers, the live broadcast of television to all corners of the globe -- I share this excitement, and know that at this moment, in Jerusalem and Amman, perhaps all over the Middle East, a new era is forming. What I do wish you, Your Majesty, that there will be another day of excitement and another, and that finally no one will photograph our handshakes. It will have become part of the routine of our lives, a custom among all people, the behavior of every human being.

And meanwhile, Your Majesty, the entire State of Israel is shaking your hand.

The visit marks the second time in less than a year that Clinton has invited Rabin to the White House to make peace with a former Arab foe. Last September, Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasir Arafat and Rabin signed an agreement giving limited self-rule to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank town of Jericho.

Monday night President Clinton hosted a formal dinner at the White House for the Jordanian and Israeli leaders. Today, King Hussein and Prime Minister Rabin will speak to the Congress.

Rabin and Hussein will Address Congress

By Paula Wolfson (U.S. Congress)

The leaders of Jordan and Israel make an historic appearance today before members of the US Congress. They are former enemies. Now, they are coming before the Congress to talk about peace. And somehow it seems fitting that along the way, Israel's Yitzhak Rabin and Jordan's King Hussein will make Capitol Hill history.

For the first time, members of the House and Senate will hold a joint meeting to hear from two foreign leaders. They are likely, however, to share one theme: the desire to make the dream of peace a strong reality.

Security in the Capitol building will be unusually tight for the occasion. Tourists will have to change their plans, for public tours will be canceled, and identity checks will be in place for Capitol employees, reporters and visiting dignitaries.

The event has created headaches not only for the security office, but for protocol officials as well. Who, for example will speak first? And who will be the first to enter the House chamber?

According to diplomatic tradition it would be King Hussein, since a head of state ranks above a head of government. The Jordanian monarch is scheduled to give the first speech....But there are already indications that protocol for the rest of the event will be improvised.

There are hints that Rabin will be the first to be welcomed to the chamber. A 16-member congressional escort committee will accompany the two leaders....And the Speaker of the House, Thomas Foley, will formally introduce the speakers.

Each speech is expected to last 20 minutes or so...And both men will speak in English. It will be the first address delivered to the Congress by King Hussein...But it will be the second for Rabin. He appeared before the legislature in January 1976, when prospects for peace with Jordan seemed virtually non-existent.

Christopher Calls Agreement 'A Milestone'

By Deborah Tate (White House)

Secretary of State Warren Christopher calls Monday's agreement between Jordan and Israel to end their 46-year state of war 'a milestone' in the process toward peace in the Middle East. Christopher spoke at the White House shortly after Jordan's King Hussein and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed a declaration pledging to resolve the remaining differences between them. The secretary said the meeting between the two leaders improves the prospects for a comprehensive Middle East peace.

Christopher hailed the signing of the declaration, saying it has helped set in motion a peace process that is irreversible. He said the meeting between Hussein and Rabin improves the climate for a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.

Politically, It's Also Good for Clinton

By David Borgida (White House)

The meeting Monday breaks the decades-long state of war between the two nations. It also provides some political benefit to President Clinton -- who has been stung by criticism of some of his foreign policies and hurt by the slow progress of his top domestic priority -- health care reform.

An emotional King Hussein -- savoring the moment on the White House South Lawn Monday, said "What we accomplished and what we are committed to is the end of the state of war between Jordan and Israel."

Looking on with pride -- driving the peace process and for the second time this year hosting a Middle East breakthrough -- President Clinton -- who receives a political boost from all this.

His critics have said he is managing an erratic foreign policy. They point to Bosnia and Haiti, saying the first president born after World War 2 has failed to speak with a clear voice.

But on the Middle East, he has succeeded, helping broker the Israeli-Palestinian declaration of principles last September, and now this. King Hussein was deeply appreciative.

"We must admit, prime minister and for myself, that we owe President Clinton and our American friends much from having made this possible. You are our partners as we seek to construct and build a new future in our region for all our peoples and for all mankind."

So too was Prime Minister Rabin: "This fine job could not have been completed without your leadership and determination in the Middle East peacemaking. You have already established your place in our history in an honorable place and thank you."

An opinion poll published last Friday indicates about three-quarters of Israel's Jewish population support making peace with Jordan.

Israel's newspapers are highlighting the dangers on the Jordanian side, and the challenges facing King Hussein.

Analyst Shimon Shiffer writes in Israel's largest paper, Yediot Ahronot, that King Hussein has to walk a thin line. If he goes too far, he risks angering Syria. If he does not go far enough, the US Congress may be unwilling to write off Jordan's billion dollar US debt.

Commentator Dan Avidan, writing in the labor newspaper, Davar, notes that a peace treaty will come slowly, only after a series of normalization steps. The commentator says accelerated negotiations for a peace treaty would be a stab in the back to Syria and could trigger increased opposition from Islamic factions within Jordan.

Commentator Ze'ev Shiff, in the prestigious Ha'aretz newspaper, focuses on the Palestinians, who are now a majority of Jordan's population. The writer says King Hussein does not want to be left out of a process in which Israel and the Palestinians could make decisions that would affect Jordan.

Israel's second-best selling newspaper, Ma'ariv, says King Hussein has, for years, been a champion survivor whose longevity was tied to his unwillingness to come down off the fence. While Israel wants a real peace agreement, King Hussein may be willing to give somewhat less in a concession to his powerful neighbor, Syria. In the meantime, says the Ma'ariv editorial, even without a formal peace treaty, a declaration of non-belligerency should open the borders a bit, perhaps allowing Israelis to travel to the fabled archaeological site of Petra, in southern Jordan.

In fact, it is unclear just what kind of cooperation will be possible in advance of a peace treaty. Israel's transport minister said Sunday Jordan had agreed to allow Israeli airliners to fly over the kingdom, which would cut in half travel time to the Far East. But, Jordanian officials denied the report. Several Israeli journalists who traveled to Jordan to cover last week's ministerial meeting at the Dead Sea have been ordered out of the country. It was the first time Israeli journalists were openly allowed on a reporting trip to Jordan.

Neo-Nazis Rampage at Buchenwald

By Evans Hays (Bonn)

The Israeli Ambassador to Germany has protested a weekend assault by neo-Nazi's on the former Nazi death camp at Buchenwald in Eastern Germany. The ambassador, Avi Primor, went to the memorial at Buchenwald on Monday to see the damage done over the weekend by neo-Nazis.

The Israeli ambassador said the incident was received with outrage in Israel. He said the destruction was just one link in a chain of violence that has swept Germany.

Buchenwald was one of the most notorious of the Nazi death camps that killed six million Jews during the Nazi era.

News reports over the weekend said a gang of more than 20 young people went on a rampage at the memorial. Police say a busload of neo-Nazi youths arrived at the memorial. They threw stones, shouted pro-Nazi slogans and -- according to police -- tried to set one worker at the memorial on fire.

Police say the gang gave the Hitler salute and shouted: Heil Hitler and Sieg Heil. One neo-Nazi demonstrator was arrested.

Authorities say other people are under investigation. Primor said Israel was concerned because such incidents are happening all too often and they are happening in different parts of Germany. He said of the Buchenwald attack: it happens too often to be just coincidence.

Jewish leaders in Germany have often complained that authorities are not doing enough to stem the rise of neo-Nazi violence that has claimed more than 2,000 lives since German unification. Most of those attacks have been directed at foreigners from developing countries living in Germany. But the violence has also been directed at Jewish shops and graveyards as well as the handicapped.

Summit Fuels Hope for Profits

By Charles W. Holmes

Jerusalem--It is no coincidence that the first tangible sign of the thaw between Israel and Jordan will be a new road linking two of their cities, a motorway designed to whisk free-spending tourists to resorts on the Red Sea.

Moderate Israelis and Arabs view- the Rabin-Hussein summit as the dawn of a new era of economic cooperation between former enemies. "Peace and the peace process bring with them a profound and dramatic economic change in the Middle East," said Dan Prosper, president of the Israeli Manufacturers Association. "It's the first time that reality has been quicker than imagination."

The two countries are dusting off long-dreamed of plans for a joint airport and seaport, canals, roads, railways, a combined electrical grid and other economic development projects to promote trade and tourism.

Among the first joint projects will be a highway linking the neighboring Red Sea ports and tourist towns of Taba, Egypt; Eilat Israel; and Aqaba, Jordan. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers will assist in designing the road, which would allow tourists easier access to religious and historical sites without the headache of the security checks and border delays that have been routine for years.

Another leading project is a proposed canal along the Israel-Jordan border from the Dead Sea to the Red Sea. The artificial way would exploit a difference in elevation between the two water bodies, producing energy to power desalination plants for precious drinkable water.

In the long run, many Israeli and Jordanian officials predict, a new Middle East economic order will emerge that lowers barriers and opens markets. Some Israeli officials and industrialists have predicted a comprehensive Middle East peace could someday yield a European-style common market that would encompass a region of some 100 million people.

In this vision, the Arab world would drop its long-standing trade boycott of the Jewish state and Tel Aviv would become the "Hong Kong of the Middle East."

It's that kind of dream that makes even the most business minded of Arabs apprehensive. They worry that Israel's significantly larger and more robust economy--more than 10 times larger than Jordan's and 20 times bigger than the Palestinian territories of the Gaza Strip and West Bank--will engulf its lesser developed neighbors.

Israel Abandons Arab Informers
(Hatikvah News Service)

"One day the collaborators will do in Tel Aviv what Hamas was unable to do. We have nothing to lose. The government has abandoned us and if we go back to the territories we will be tortured to death." This is what an Arab informant, C., told a Yediot Ahronot reporter last week after a Jewish resident of Tel Aviv was murdered presumably by a collaborator.

"I do not want to threaten anyone," said C., "I have a lot of Jewish friends and I risked my life for Israel. But I am really scared that one of these days the blood will just stream up into the head of one of the informants, and in despair he will commit horrendous acts.

"We are not criminals but in Israel we became criminals. We have children whom we care about, and we are living under appalling conditions. It is important to emphasize that we all oppose murder and feel that this will not solve any problems. After all, we were forced to flee into Israel because we helped prevent the murder of Jews by terrorists, so there is no reason for us to be considered terrorists." Tel Aviv is flooded with hundreds of these collaborators and their families. They were forced to flee the territories after the terrorists discovered who they were. They now live in abject poverty in the slums of Tel Aviv. They are as if in no-man's land. They are not citizens, they are unable to find jobs, their children don't go to school but roam the streets. And so, they say, they are forced to engage in burglary and theft.

According to Yediot, members of Hamas come to Tel Aviv to tell the Arab informers that they are ready to make a deal with them: they should carry out a terrorist attack in exchange for permission to come back to the territories.

"I am shocked that they know where I live in Tel Aviv and were able to come to me without any problems," said one informer. "We're scared they'll try and send us more terrorists to hire us or kill us. We don't believe them because we know the first chance they get they'll kill us, regardless of how much information they extract from us. To them we're considered traitors...What hurts us most is that in the territories we're worse than Jews, and in Israel we're considered 'dangerous Arabs.'"
Another informer who lives with his wife and six children cramped up in one room without water and electricity told Yediot Ahronot: "I'd rather die by a bullet from an Israeli policeman's gun while I'm perpetrating a terrorist attack in Tel Aviv, than be tortured to death by the Hamas terrorists who are hunting us down. Now we're dying everyday, so better to die once and rid ourselves of this suffering." But while some of the informers feel that the only way to get out of their predicament is to murder Jews as Hamas is demanding, others have asked to convert to Judaism so they can become full-fledged Israeli citizens and live in peace with their families in the Jewish state.

Meanwhile, the government has established a special authority to deal with the fate of the Palestinian informants, headed by former intelligence chief Shlomo Gazit, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin told the Knesset last week. He added that it is possible for any informant who wants to, to move to Israel and he will also be given an identity card. However, Rabin added, there are still many problems and it is not possible to rehabilitate them everywhere.

BRIEF FAXX

The Israeli under-18 team defeated the Ukraine 81-55 in the 16th European Basketball Championships for Junior Men at Yad Eliyahu.

An international Physics Olympiad is being held in China this month, and an Israeli delegation of five 12th-graders is competing.

A new, 26-part TV series called 'Ramat Aviv C' (an affluent suburb north of Tel Aviv), produced by the Israeli Hollywood producer Yoram Globus, is now going into production. Rights have already been acquired by TV stations in Italy, Spain, Mexico and Argentina. It is directed by Joel Zilberg, who wrote it together with Michal Shalev. The plot involves power struggles between wealthy families.

The Communications Ministry has transferred a radio transmitter and frequency from Israel Radio's Arabic-language service to the new Voice of Palestine, broadcasting from Jericho. The Israel Broadcasting Authority's executive committee has unanimously condemned the act both on principle and because of damage to broadcasts. No other frequency was offered as an alternative. Voice of Palestine was previously broadcast on the same frequency used by Jibril, PFLP General Command, transmitting from Damascus. Jibril, a member of the rejectionist front, used his transmissions to block Voice of Palestine's broadcasts.


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