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  Israel Faxx                                      \/ /  \/ /
  July 22, 1994 Volume 2, #135                     / /\__/_/\
  Electronic World Communications, Inc.           /__\ \_____\
  8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215             \  /
  Internet: Phone: (513) 563-7424   \/

Arafat Upset Over Israel's Invitation to King Hussein

By Kyle King (Gaza)

Secretary of State Warren Christopher says he now has a new understanding of the problems faced by the Palestinians following his visit to the Gaza Strip for talks with PLO chief Yasir Arafat. The secretary met with Arafat for about an hour Thursday for discussions that focused mainly on ways to increase the flow of international aid to the new Palestinian authority. But the event has been overshadowed by what Arafat said during his news conference after the meeting. He was reacting to Israel's recent invitation to King Hussein of Jordan to come and visit Jerusalem.

"They haven't the right to offer any invitations. It is my duty and my responsibility to offer the invitations to all my brothers and my friends to visit the holy city, and the holy Christian places in the holy city. This is the jurisdiction of the Palestinians."

Arafat's comments on Jerusalem were not the first time he has sparked controversy on that subject. Earlier he touched off an uproar in Israel when he called for a holy war to bring Jerusalem under Palestinian control.

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was said to be furious with the PLO chairman's latest comment. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres reacted by saying he did not know that Arafat had a mandate over Jerusalem.

The secretary travels to Damascus today for a second day of talks with president assad. Christopher said his earlier talks with the syrian leader were useful and he appeared serious about making progress in the negotiation process. However the secretary acknowledges the issues are complicated and intertwined.

Argentine Toll Reaches 40 Dead, 400 Injured, 70 Missing

By Dawn Makinson (Buenos Aires)

The death toll following the bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires Argentina this week has risen to 40 and more than 70 people are still unaccounted for. Over 400 people were injured. A second bomb threat forced the partial evacuation of a hospital treating victims of Monday's incident. Argentine President Carlos Menem, responding to the bombing of the Jewish center, has announced the creation of a new security force in Argentina.

According to Israel Radio, investigators in Argentina now suspect that a pro-Iranian terrorist group, possibly trained in Syria, is responsible for Sunday's bombing. Hizbullah is a prime suspect.

Similar to days following the bombing of the Israeli Embassy in 1992, the Government of Argentina is receiving international rescue and investigations help. Teams of Israeli psychologists, and rescuers with sniffer dogs, and special body sensing devices are working at the disaster site.

Israeli, American and Spanish investigators are involved in what Menem has said will be a full investigation of the incident. Various suspects have been detained. And, at the same time, Menem has announced a controversial new security force to stop future terrorist attacks.

Surprise is being expressed after the announcement. President of the Jewish communities political arm in Argentina, Ruben Baraja, says that although his group wants a full investigation into this week's bombing, the creation of the new force does not have their support.

Emilio Mignone of the Center for Legal and Social Studies in Buenos Aires calls the new security force, the KGB of Latin America. And President Menem's own circle of supporters also raised questions about his move.

Legal experts said the president's decision was challenging because it concentrates power in one department to monitor activities in Argentina that might be considered subversive. Human rights groups say that's too broad a mandate, and opposition politicians and some members of the ruling government are concerned about costs.

Menem first pitched the idea of the force two months ago following uprisings in Mexico. He was forced to drop it because of strong public and government opposition. But this week's explosion has changed public opinion on national security in Argentina.

As the international investigation begins, stories continue to surface about a network of terrorist support groups in Argentina and other Latin American countries. The president says the creation of the new security force will put a stop to the kinds of loopholes that may have contributed to the bombing this week.

Local Authorities, Not Israel Should Protect Jewish Organizations Analysis by Brig.-Gen. Yigal Pressler,
the Prime Minister's Adviser on Terrorism

How involved is Israel in securing Jewish institutions abroad?

"Security at Jewish institutions abroad is, first and foremost, the responsibility of the country in which they are located. Occasionally, Jewish organizations hire local security services, in addition to the regular police protection. Israel does not protect Jewish institutions, but it does provide assistance and advice to organizations, with the consent of the local security authorities...

The answer to attacks of the type which occurred in Argentina is not defensive activity. Another fence, another roadblock, another guard will not help.

The countries of the world must cooperate intensively to foil Iranian and Islamic terrorism. It essential to penetrate them, to collect intelligence, to uncover intentions and to foil attacks. Cooperation between the countries of the world should be tightened, and this matter must be significant and important.

At this stage, all of the details of the incident in Buenos Aires are not clear, although the very fact that the attack was directed at a Jewish target would seem to indicate that terrorist elements do not stop at anything in order to attack whomever they consider to be an Israeli or a supporter of Israel. An attack on a building densely packed with Argentinean citizens of Jewish origin constitutes an attack on Argentina's sovereignty, as well as on the entire Jewish People, not only on Israel.

Peres to Assad: We Haven't Forgotten You

By Kim Reid (Cairo)

Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres says Israel will not leave Syria on the sidelines, despite Israel's rapid strides this week on making peace with Jordan. Peres met with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Cairo to discuss what he called the next steps toward comprehensive peace.

Peres looked tired after his whirlwind week of shuttle diplomacy on the border with Jordan, where Israel made the first public strides toward peace with its eastern neighbor.

The Israeli official came to Cairo to brief the Egyptian leader -- a key player in the peace negotiations -- on Israel's progress with Jordan, as well as recent developments in making Palestinian autonomy in Gaza and Jericho a reality.

Peres was quick to point out that progress with the Palestinians and Jordan does not preclude peace talks with Syria. "Negotiations with Palestinians and the negotiations with the Jordanians will not postpone our readiness to negotiate with Syrians. We are committed to a comprehensive peace."

But with the upcoming summit in Washington of the Jordanian and Israeli leaders, coupled with US Secretary of State Warren Christopher's shuttle trips this week between Syria and Israel, Syria may be feeling the pressure to act now, or be left out of a comprehensive peace deal.

Jordan/Israel Round-up

By Adam Phillips (Washington)

It has been a week of historic firsts in relations between Israel and Jordan. The two nations have been technically at war since 1948, but this week high level officials from both nations gathered in a tent erected on a rare stretch of undisputed land at their border to talk peace. Then, on Wednesday, the Jordanian and the israeli foreign ministers met at the Dead Sea, just inside Jordan, to discuss water issues and opportunities for mutual cooperation.

First, there were the peace accords between Israel and Egypt in 1979. Next came the famous Yitzhak Rabin-Yasir Arafat handshake at the White House in Washington last September. Then last week, President Clinton made a new announcement that could mean yet another major step toward a broader peace in the Middle East.

"I am pleased to announce today that King Hussein of Jordan and Prime Minister Rabin of Israel have agreed to my invitation to meet at the White House on July 25... This historic meeting is another step forward toward achievement of a comprehensive and lasting peace in the Middle East... On behalf of all Americans, I salute their commitment to peace."

There are plenty of thorny issues for Jordan and Israel to talk about. The two nations have been in a technical state of war since 1948, but their border has been quiet since 1967, when Israel claimed the West Bank and Jerusalem from Jordan after repulsing an attack by Jordan and her Arab allies and winning the Six-Day War.

There is no lack of important practical questions to consider. Water rights to the Jordan River both nations share is a major issue in this parched region. Jordan claims ownership of 145 square miles of land within Israel that Israel claims is separate from the Transjordan borders the British drew back from in 1922, under a League of Nations mandate that called the whole area simply, "Palestine." King Hussein also wants Jordanian control of the prestigious Muslim holy places within the Jewish state.

Even though Jordan's King Hussein and Israel's Prime Minister Rabin will meet in Washington next week, actual talks between the two nations will no longer be under Washington's auspices. But neither head of state seems likely to contradict Secretary of State Warren Christopher's statement when, on departing for talks with Syria, he said: "Peace is possible and we must grasp that opportunity as firmly as we can."

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