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  Israel Faxx                                      \/ /  \/ /
  July 21, 1994 Volume 2, #134                     / /\__/_/\
  Electronic World Communications, Inc.           /__\ \_____\
  8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215             \  /
  Internet: ewcnews@tso.uc.edu Phone: (513) 563-7424   \/
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American filmmaker Steven Spielberg spoke with the nation's governors. Spielberg came to the governors' meeting in Boston to ask them to promote education about racism and the Holocaust. He's been advocating this kind of teaching, as well as television programs on similar subjects, since making the Academy Award-winning Holocaust film "Schindler's List."

Search for Blast Victims Continues

By Dawn Makenson (Buenos Aires)

Rescue efforts continue after the bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aries on Monday this week. Security at the site of the bombing has been tightened as Argentines wait for the last of international investigators to arrive to sift through clues. So far various theories on who was responsible have been raised but no solid evidence has been found.

Along with Israel and the United States, Argentina's President Carlos Saul Menem has condemned Monday's bombing as a terrorist attack intended to derail the Middle East peace process, but no group has yet been linked to the incident.

Shortly after the bombing an Islamic fundamentalist group allegedly communicated with local radio stations in Buenos Aries and claimed responsibility, but that information is now suspect in the light of a declaration by Iran saying it condemns the act and any acts of violence against innocent victims.

Among the many theories here the possibility that the act was masterminded by a group of professional terrorists from Brazil and that various groups inside Argentina were tipped off about the bombing before it took place.

The Argentine government has promised a full investigation of the matter. An international team of investigators including intelligence agents from Israel, Spain and the United States will be involved. For now a team of special Argentine investigators is looking at evidence.

Security near the disaster site is now tight that may solve a repeat of incidents like earlier this week when a group of looters infiltrated the bomb site masquerading as journalists.

There is fear crucial evidence from the site may disappear. Complications with security in 1992, after the bombing of the Israeli Embassy here, led to accusations in and outside Argentina of a shoddy investigation. That investigation ultimately proved inconclusive.

Meanwhile, rescue efforts continue. Workers are hopeful after a 56-year-old waiter was pulled out from under a steel beam. The man opened his eyes and smiled causing a crowd of well wishers to cheer. Heavy machinery is standing by but voices of women reportedly been heard from deep in the disaster zone. The work is still proceeding slowly. International borders are still being watched but flights out of the country have returned to normal.

Israeli Rescue Team Arrives in Buenos Aires

An Israeli rescue team began working in the rubble Wednesday. The Israeli team successfully rescued a man and has located the bodies of three additional victims of the bombing attack. According to news reports, the Jewish community in Buenos Aires has drawn encouragement and strength from the arrival of the Israeli team.

Ha'aretz reports that a special Israeli intelligence team has departed Israel for Buenos Aires to assist the Argentineans with their investigation. Argentine President Carlos Menem made a personal request to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin for the assistance. Rabin said before the Knesset, "I estimate that the perpetrators of this incident are connected to the extremist Islamic Front, which leads to Iran." Rabin added that countries around the world must be alert to extremist Islamic forces which are active in Europe, the United States and South America.

Arab, Jew and American Meet at Dead Sea

By Kyle King (Dead Sea)

The cause of Middle East peace has been given another boost with an historic meeting of the US, Israeli and Jordanian foreign ministers on the shores of the Dead Sea. It was the first time the Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres had publicly set foot on Jordanian soil.

The foreign ministers meeting on the Jordanian side of the Dead Sea marked the end of an era of war according to Secretary of State Warren Christopher.

The secretary, who has been shuttling around the region all week in an effort to push the peace process forward, was clearly savoring the moment as he sat at the same table with his Jordanian and Israeli counterparts.

Christopher said the time for destroying life has passed and the time for building peace has come.

Foreign Minister Majali described the meeting as one of those critical moments that historians will cherish and poets will relish. History, he said, will record such events in block letters.

Although Peres is widely reported to have held talks with Jordanian officials in the past, his first ever public meeting in Jordan symbolized the progress that has been made by the two countries.

The helicopter flight to Jordan took only 15 minutes, but it took 46 years to arrive at what Peres described as this place of peace and promise. "Historically we started at the same point, politically we are now embarking on the same destiny, to bring an entirely new situation to our people. It is time for peace, the people desire it, the land needs it, the Dead Sea, silent and deep, may become a new symbol for life."

In addition to laying the ground work for next week's Washington summit with the leaders of Israel and Jordan, the talks that began Wednesday will now continue with the focus on economic cooperation.

Israel and Jordan are hoping to draw up plans to build roads, create a regional park and promote tourism in the region.

Earlier in the day during talks with King Hussein, Christopher praised Jordan's efforts to make peace with Israel and said the United States would do what it could to support those efforts.

For his part, King Hussein said Jordan remained committed to a comprehensive settlement in the Middle East, but he said he was prepared to move ahead with a peace treaty with Israel, even if Syria was not. The king said he did not expect to sign a treaty during his summit in Washington Monday, but he indicated such a development might not be far off.

Christopher, who has also been trying to bring Syria and Israel closer together, goes back to Damascus tomorrow for another round of talks with Syrian President Hafez al Assad. Today, Christopher will be in Israel and the Gaza Strip, where he will meet with PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat.

After the meeting, Peres, Jordanian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Abdel Salam el-Majali and Christopher attended a press conference at which Christopher read a joint communique. The statement said that the three parties are looking forward to next Monday's meeting in Washington between Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and King Hussein of Jordan and that the sides agreed to continue to prepare a master development plan for the Jordan Rift Valley.

Regarding trade issues, the parties agreed to establish a set of principles within the context of a peace treaty. The statement added that a trilateral tourism commission will be set up to facilitate cooperation, specifically in opening a crossing point between Eilat and Aqaba for third-country nationals. The sides agreed to conduct a preliminary site survey for building a road linking Jordan, Israel and Egypt in the vicinity of the Eilat/Aqaba area.

The two sides agreed that direct talks on the subjects of security, boundaries, water and the environment will resume on a continuous basis starting August 8. According to a joint statement released by the two delegations, future talks will alternate between the Israeli Dead Sea Works factory in S'dom and its Jordanian counterpart.

Israeli Plan to Surrender Temple Mount and More (HaTikvah)

The Los Angeles Times reports Israel is exploring establishment of an "interfaith administration" for the Old City and other holy places. This, the newspaper says, would give Christians and Muslims a share in controlling those parts of the 5,000-year-old city that are sacred to them--and effectively remove the question of Jerusalem's future from the international agenda.

Jerusalem's future is "closed politically but open religiously," Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres says, adding that he finds "interesting" the saying of Jordan's King Hussein that "sovereignty of the holy places belongs to the Almighty in Heaven."

Hussein's strong interest in Jerusalem, where his family has had the role of protector of Islamic shrines, could make its future a major issue when he meets Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on Monday in Washington.

But Palestinians, the Los Angeles Times continues, who want East Jerusalem as capital of an independent Palestine, are alarmed at Israel's approach, fearing it will deprive them of one of their strongest arguments for a share of Jerusalem and scatter international allies they now have on the issue.

PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat, in virtually every speech, promises Palestinians they again will be able to travel to Jerusalem to pray at Islamic and Christian shrines. And Israeli rightists opposed to the accord with the PLO use that image and possible division of Jerusalem into two capitals, one Israeli and the other Palestinian, to bring tens of thousands of demonstrators to the city.

The Israeli maneuver became dramatically clear when Israel ex- tended an invitation to Hussein to visit Jerusalem and pray at Al Aqsa Mosque, whose golden dome he had regilded this year; the invitation was offered after Israel put off requests by Arafat and PLO officials to make the same pilgrimage.

"He (Hussein) can expect a very nice reception as the head of a country that wants to make peace with Israel and as one whose family traditionally and historically has been in charge of maintaining the Islamic holy places," Jerusalem Mayor Ehud Olmert said.

Diplomats say the concept that Peres and other Israeli officials have been exploring would place the shrines and perhaps the whole of the walled Old City under an interfaith committee of Christian, Jewish and Muslim representatives, removing the religious sites from all Israeli administration.

"The Israelis believe that, if they can get an agreement on 'Holy Jerusalem,' then dealing with municipal Jerusalem will be easier," a Western diplomat said.

"First, much of the emotion will be drained away, and all sides will be reassured about their shrines," the diplomat said. "Secondly, the remaining Arab portions of Jerusalem might even be sliced into another, adjacent municipality--called it East Jerusalem, call it Al Quds as the Arabs do -- and that could become the Palestinian capital without dividing the present urban area."

In suggesting an interfaith administration, Israelis have stressed that none of the religions would have primacy, diplomats said. Also, the question of sovereignty, a big issue not only for Israelis and Palestinians but for all Arabs, would be left open.

Israelis emphasize that full control of the holy places, particularly the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional burial place of Jesus, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, from which the Prophet Mohammed is believed to have ascended to Heaven, would be with the Christians and Muslims, respectively.

Jewish representatives would be responsible for the Western Wall, Judaism's holiest site as the remains of the ancient temple.

As envisioned, Christian representatives would come from the denominations long active in Jerusalem, particularly Catholics, Greek and Russian Orthodox, Anglicans and Lutherans. The Muslim representatives would come from those countries --Jordan, Morocco and Saudi Arabia--that have exercised custodianship over Islamic holy places and from Palestinians. Jewish representatives would likely be Israeli but could include Jews from other countries.

Netanyahu Lashes Out at Rabin: [Secret Plan to Divide Jerusalem] (HaTikvah)

Likud leaders last week called an emergency press conference and accused the Rabin government of secretly agreeing to divide Jerusalem in stages. Likud leader Binyamin Netanyahu said that he had approached Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin three weeks ago to discuss a plan which calls for expelling the PLO institutions from the capital, launching massive construction and road building projects, strengthening Jerusalem's economy and industrialization, and building up the areas linking peripheral towns to the capital.

Rabin, however, has repeatedly ignored the opposition. "Rabin has enough leisure to fly to Paris talk to Arafat, but does not have the time to talk to the opposition," Netanyahu charged. What's happening in Jerusalem is extremely grave. There is an obvious and clear unraveling of Israel's control of the city. The offices of the PLO are operating as diplomatic institutions, as if they were a foreign ministry. The PLO flag is hoisted on top of Orient House and other places in eastern Jerusalem, and the government isn't lifting a finger."

Netanyahu also blasted Rabin for cursing and swearing and comparing the supporters of the national camp - which are half of the people - to Hamas. Rabin is not acting like a prime minister, but like the leader of a marginal group.

Anti-Hitler Nazis Honored by Germany

By Evans Hays (Bonn)

Chancellor Helmut Kohl, at a ceremony in Berlin, paid tribute to those who tried unsuccessfully to end the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. Kohl was speaking at ceremonies to honor those (including disgruntled Nazi party members) who served and died in the German resistance movement.

It was 50 years ago when a Germany army colonel -- Graf Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg -- placed a bomb under the table where Adolf Hitler was holding a briefing with his military commanders. The bomb exploded, but Hitler -- protected by the heavy wood of the table -- escaped serious injury.

The assassination attempt led to massive arrests. Von Stauffenberg was caught and executed within hours. Thousands of others also died.

In Berlin, 50 years later, Kohl said the action of July 20 helped Germany find its place in the community of free nations after the war. He said the resistance movement was small, but those involved were "the best."

He said those involved in the plot were willing to sacrifice their lives for the sake of human dignity and freedom.



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