Newsletter : 4fax0720.txt
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Israel Faxx \/ / \/ /
July 21, 1994 Volume 2, #134 / /\__/_/\
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American filmmaker Steven Spielberg spoke with the nation's
governors. Spielberg came to the governors' meeting in Boston to
ask them to promote education about racism and the Holocaust. He's
been advocating this kind of teaching, as well as television
programs on similar subjects, since making the Academy
Award-winning Holocaust film "Schindler's List."
Search for Blast Victims Continues
By Dawn Makenson (Buenos Aires)
Rescue efforts continue after the bombing of a Jewish center in
Buenos Aries on Monday this week. Security at the site of the
bombing has been tightened as Argentines wait for the last of
international investigators to arrive to sift through clues. So far
various theories on who was responsible have been raised but no
solid evidence has been found.
Along with Israel and the United States, Argentina's President
Carlos Saul Menem has condemned Monday's bombing as a terrorist
attack intended to derail the Middle East peace process, but no
group has yet been linked to the incident.
Shortly after the bombing an Islamic fundamentalist group allegedly
communicated with local radio stations in Buenos Aries and claimed
responsibility, but that information is now suspect in the light of
a declaration by Iran saying it condemns the act and any acts of
violence against innocent victims.
Among the many theories here the possibility that the act was
masterminded by a group of professional terrorists from Brazil and
that various groups inside Argentina were tipped off about the
bombing before it took place.
The Argentine government has promised a full investigation of the
matter. An international team of investigators including
intelligence agents from Israel, Spain and the United States will
be involved. For now a team of special Argentine investigators is
looking at evidence.
Security near the disaster site is now tight that may solve a
repeat of incidents like earlier this week when a group of looters
infiltrated the bomb site masquerading as journalists.
There is fear crucial evidence from the site may disappear.
Complications with security in 1992, after the bombing of the
Israeli Embassy here, led to accusations in and outside Argentina
of a shoddy investigation. That investigation ultimately proved
Meanwhile, rescue efforts continue. Workers are hopeful after a
56-year-old waiter was pulled out from under a steel beam. The
man opened his eyes and smiled causing a crowd of well wishers to
cheer. Heavy machinery is standing by but voices of women
reportedly been heard from deep in the disaster zone. The work
is still proceeding slowly. International borders are still being
watched but flights out of the country have returned to normal.
Israeli Rescue Team Arrives in Buenos Aires
An Israeli rescue team began working in the rubble Wednesday. The
Israeli team successfully rescued a man and has located the bodies
of three additional victims of the bombing attack. According to
news reports, the Jewish community in Buenos Aires has drawn
encouragement and strength from the arrival of the Israeli team.
Ha'aretz reports that a special Israeli intelligence team has
departed Israel for Buenos Aires to assist the Argentineans with
their investigation. Argentine President Carlos Menem made a
personal request to Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin for the
assistance. Rabin said before the Knesset, "I estimate that the
perpetrators of this incident are connected to the extremist
Islamic Front, which leads to Iran." Rabin added that countries
around the world must be alert to extremist Islamic forces which
are active in Europe, the United States and South America.
Arab, Jew and American Meet at Dead Sea
By Kyle King (Dead Sea)
The cause of Middle East peace has been given another boost with an
historic meeting of the US, Israeli and Jordanian foreign ministers
on the shores of the Dead Sea. It was the first time the Israeli
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres had publicly set foot on Jordanian
The foreign ministers meeting on the Jordanian side of the Dead Sea
marked the end of an era of war according to Secretary of State
The secretary, who has been shuttling around the region all week in
an effort to push the peace process forward, was clearly savoring
the moment as he sat at the same table with his Jordanian and
Christopher said the time for destroying life has passed and the
time for building peace has come.
Foreign Minister Majali described the meeting as one of those
critical moments that historians will cherish and poets will
relish. History, he said, will record such events in block
Although Peres is widely reported to have held talks with
Jordanian officials in the past, his first ever public meeting in
Jordan symbolized the progress that has been made by the two
The helicopter flight to Jordan took only 15 minutes, but
it took 46 years to arrive at what Peres described as this place of
peace and promise. "Historically we started at the same point,
politically we are now embarking on the same destiny, to bring an
entirely new situation to our people. It is time for peace,
the people desire it, the land needs it, the Dead Sea, silent
and deep, may become a new symbol for life."
In addition to laying the ground work for next week's Washington
summit with the leaders of Israel and Jordan, the talks that
began Wednesday will now continue with the focus on economic
Israel and Jordan are hoping to draw up plans to build roads,
create a regional park and promote tourism in the region.
Earlier in the day during talks with King Hussein,
Christopher praised Jordan's efforts to make peace with Israel
and said the United States would do what it could to support
For his part, King Hussein said Jordan remained committed to a
comprehensive settlement in the Middle East, but he said he was
prepared to move ahead with a peace treaty with Israel, even if
Syria was not. The king said he did not expect to sign a treaty
during his summit in Washington Monday, but he indicated such a
development might not be far off.
Christopher, who has also been trying to bring Syria and Israel
closer together, goes back to Damascus tomorrow for another round
of talks with Syrian President Hafez al Assad. Today, Christopher
will be in Israel and the Gaza Strip, where he will meet with PLO
Chairman Yasir Arafat.
After the meeting, Peres, Jordanian Prime Minister and Foreign
Minister Abdel Salam el-Majali and Christopher attended a press
conference at which Christopher read a joint communique. The
statement said that the three parties are looking forward to next
Monday's meeting in Washington between Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
and King Hussein of Jordan and that the sides agreed to continue to
prepare a master development plan for the Jordan Rift Valley.
Regarding trade issues, the parties agreed to establish a set of
principles within the context of a peace treaty. The statement
added that a trilateral tourism commission will be set up to
facilitate cooperation, specifically in opening a crossing point
between Eilat and Aqaba for third-country nationals. The sides
agreed to conduct a preliminary site survey for building a road
linking Jordan, Israel and Egypt in the vicinity of the Eilat/Aqaba
The two sides agreed that direct talks on the subjects of security,
boundaries, water and the environment will resume on a continuous
basis starting August 8. According to a joint statement released by
the two delegations, future talks will alternate between the
Israeli Dead Sea Works factory in S'dom and its Jordanian
Israeli Plan to Surrender Temple Mount and More
The Los Angeles Times reports Israel is exploring establishment of
an "interfaith administration" for the Old City and other holy
places. This, the newspaper says, would give Christians and Muslims
a share in controlling those parts of the 5,000-year-old city that
are sacred to them--and effectively remove the question of
Jerusalem's future from the international agenda.
Jerusalem's future is "closed politically but open religiously,"
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres says, adding that he finds
"interesting" the saying of Jordan's King Hussein that "sovereignty
of the holy places belongs to the Almighty in Heaven."
Hussein's strong interest in Jerusalem, where his family has had
the role of protector of Islamic shrines, could make its future a
major issue when he meets Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on Monday in
But Palestinians, the Los Angeles Times continues, who want East
Jerusalem as capital of an independent Palestine, are alarmed at
Israel's approach, fearing it will deprive them of one of their
strongest arguments for a share of Jerusalem and scatter
international allies they now have on the issue.
PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat, in virtually every speech, promises
Palestinians they again will be able to travel to Jerusalem to pray
at Islamic and Christian shrines. And Israeli rightists opposed to
the accord with the PLO use that image and possible division of
Jerusalem into two capitals, one Israeli and the other Palestinian,
to bring tens of thousands of demonstrators to the city.
The Israeli maneuver became dramatically clear when Israel ex-
tended an invitation to Hussein to visit Jerusalem and pray at Al
Aqsa Mosque, whose golden dome he had regilded this year; the
invitation was offered after Israel put off requests by Arafat and
PLO officials to make the same pilgrimage.
"He (Hussein) can expect a very nice reception as the head of a
country that wants to make peace with Israel and as one whose
family traditionally and historically has been in charge of
maintaining the Islamic holy places," Jerusalem Mayor Ehud Olmert
Diplomats say the concept that Peres and other Israeli officials
have been exploring would place the shrines and perhaps the whole
of the walled Old City under an interfaith committee of Christian,
Jewish and Muslim representatives, removing the religious sites
from all Israeli administration.
"The Israelis believe that, if they can get an agreement on 'Holy
Jerusalem,' then dealing with municipal Jerusalem will be easier,"
a Western diplomat said.
"First, much of the emotion will be drained away, and all sides
will be reassured about their shrines," the diplomat said.
"Secondly, the remaining Arab portions of Jerusalem might even be
sliced into another, adjacent municipality--called it East
Jerusalem, call it Al Quds as the Arabs do -- and that could become
the Palestinian capital without dividing the present urban area."
In suggesting an interfaith administration, Israelis have stressed
that none of the religions would have primacy, diplomats said.
Also, the question of sovereignty, a big issue not only for
Israelis and Palestinians but for all Arabs, would be left open.
Israelis emphasize that full control of the holy places,
particularly the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional
burial place of Jesus, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the
Rock, from which the Prophet Mohammed is believed to have ascended
to Heaven, would be with the Christians and Muslims, respectively.
Jewish representatives would be responsible for the Western Wall,
Judaism's holiest site as the remains of the ancient temple.
As envisioned, Christian representatives would come from the
denominations long active in Jerusalem, particularly Catholics,
Greek and Russian Orthodox, Anglicans and Lutherans. The Muslim
representatives would come from those countries --Jordan, Morocco
and Saudi Arabia--that have exercised custodianship over Islamic
holy places and from Palestinians. Jewish representatives would
likely be Israeli but could include Jews from other countries.
Netanyahu Lashes Out at Rabin: [Secret Plan to Divide Jerusalem]
Likud leaders last week called an emergency press conference and
accused the Rabin government of secretly agreeing to divide
Jerusalem in stages. Likud leader Binyamin Netanyahu said that
he had approached Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin three weeks ago to
discuss a plan which calls for expelling the PLO institutions from
the capital, launching massive construction and road building
projects, strengthening Jerusalem's economy and industrialization,
and building up the areas linking peripheral towns to the capital.
Rabin, however, has repeatedly ignored the opposition. "Rabin has
enough leisure to fly to Paris talk to Arafat, but does not have
the time to talk to the opposition," Netanyahu charged. What's
happening in Jerusalem is extremely grave. There is an obvious and
clear unraveling of Israel's control of the city. The offices of
the PLO are operating as diplomatic institutions, as if they
were a foreign ministry. The PLO flag is hoisted on top of Orient
House and other places in eastern Jerusalem, and the government
isn't lifting a finger."
Netanyahu also blasted Rabin for cursing and swearing and comparing
the supporters of the national camp - which are half of the people
- to Hamas. Rabin is not acting like a prime minister, but like
the leader of a marginal group.
Anti-Hitler Nazis Honored by Germany
By Evans Hays (Bonn)
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, at a ceremony in Berlin, paid tribute to
those who tried unsuccessfully to end the dictatorship of Adolf
Hitler. Kohl was speaking at ceremonies to honor those (including
disgruntled Nazi party members) who served and died in the German
It was 50 years ago when a Germany army colonel -- Graf Claus
Schenk von Stauffenberg -- placed a bomb under the table where
Adolf Hitler was holding a briefing with his military commanders.
The bomb exploded, but Hitler -- protected by the heavy wood of
the table -- escaped serious injury.
The assassination attempt led to massive arrests. Von Stauffenberg
was caught and executed within hours. Thousands of others also
In Berlin, 50 years later, Kohl said the action of July 20 helped
Germany find its place in the community of free nations after the
war. He said the resistance movement was small, but those involved
were "the best."
He said those involved in the plot were willing to sacrifice their
lives for the sake of human dignity and freedom.
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