Newsletter : 4fax0710.txt
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Israel Faxx is faxed to you daily (Sunday evening through
We bring you the latest news and features from Israel. We provide
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\ ___\ \ /
Israel Faxx \/ / \/ /
July 11, 1994 Volume 2, #126 / /\__/_/\
Electronic World Communications, Inc. /__\ \_____\
8916 Reading Road, Cincinnati, OH 45215 \ /
All the news that your local paper missed
Soul singer Ray Charles had some strong things to say about Elvis
Presley. Charles said, "Black people been goin' out shakin' their
behinds, their hips and stuff for centuries. And all Elvis was
doing was copying that. And he was doing our kind of music. So,
what the hell am I supposed to get so excited about, man? I think
all that stuff about saying he's the king....That's a piece of
Peace Talks Resume Today
By Larry James (Paris)
Israel and the PLO have agreed to continue peace talks in Cairo
starting today. Two working groups are to be established for the
talks, one focusing on the release of thousands of Palestinian
prisoners held by Israel as well as the situation in Hebron. The
other will be concerned with extending Palestinian autonomy to
other areas of the West Bank in addition to organizing elections
and dealing with financial matters.
Plo Chairman Yasir Arafat says he will convene the Palestine
National Council in Gaza soon to win their approval of changes in
elements of the PLO Charter that call for the destruction of
Israel. The mutual recognition treaty signed by the two sides in
Washington last September included a pledge from the PLO to remove
such language from the document.
Arafat Prepares to Make Gaza Home
By Peyman Pejman (Cairo)
PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat arrived in the Red Sea port city of
Jeddah Saturday where he met Saudi Arabia's King Fahd. During the
meeting Arafat asked the oil-rich country for financial help in
boosting the impoverished economy of the Gaza Strip and the West
Saudi Arabia has been a long-time backer of Arafat and his
movement. But, PLO-Saudi relations have been cold since Arafat
sided with Iraq after the Baghdad government invaded Kuwait in
Sunday, Arafat returned to Tunis, where he moved his headquarters
in 1982 in the aftermath of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.
Today, Tunisian officials will treat the PLO chairman to a formal
red-carpet goodbye. Arafat will then officially move his
headquarters to the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Amnesty International Cites Israel
By Art Chimes (Jerusalem)
Amnesty International has issued its annual report on human rights
violations throughout the world last year, and as usual many
countries of the Middle East come in for criticism. The Amnesty
report cites detention of political prisoners, torture, and both
judicial and non-judicial executions in countries across the
Amnesty says Israeli security forces shot 150 Palestinians to
death in the occupied territories last year, some of them in
apparently unjustifiable circumstances. Amnesty also says the
demolition of houses where fugitives were hiding may have been
intended as collective punishment.
An Israeli military statement denied the charges, accusing
Amnesty of ignoring the environment of "violent terrorist
attacks" in which the Israeli army operates.
IDF Spokesman, Ilan Tal, said that "The Amnesty International
report ignores the situation on the ground in which terrorists,
armed with lethal weapons, are engaged in carrying out violent
terrorist attacks. IDF activities are directed against terrorists
in order to prevent and foil terrorist attacks aimed at innocent
civilians." The spokesman emphasized that open-fire orders are
well-defined and are in accordance with the law.
In fact, the Amnesty report does note that armed Palestinian
groups committed torture and arbitrary killing, including those
of more than 100 Palestinians suspected of cooperation with
Why Arafat Didn't Visit Jerusalem
By Daud Majlis (Washington)
Yossi Beilin, deputy foreign minister of Israel, says the PLO chief
did not attempt to travel to Jerusalem during his first visit to
the territories. Such a visit, in Bellin's view, would have been
a mistake because of the high emotion and antagonism it would have
Beilin said Arafat understood the situation and as such he did not
visit Jerusalem. The success of what he termed the pragmatic
Palestinian movement, Beilin emphasized, is Israel's success, too.
The Israeli deputy foreign minister reiterated that under no
circumstance Jerusalem would be divided. It is the only capital
of Israel. But, he said, anyone who would like to pray in
Jerusalem will have the right to do so, including Yasir Arafat.
Considered by many as the most outspoken member of the Israeli
Cabinet, Beilin emphasized that it is not and it can not be the
Israeli policy to ignore 120,000 Palestinians who live in east
Jerusalem. He suggested that for those people there an be some
kind of self-administration by a committee elected by them who
will decide about the daily lives of the community and its special
needs. However, he hastened to add that he is not suggesting that
Jerusalem will have more than one municipality or will be divided
Clinton Visits Warsaw Ghetto Memorial
By Deborah Tate (Warsaw)
President Clinton Thursday laid a wreath at one of Poland's most
important World War 2 monuments--the memorial to those who died in
the Warsaw Ghetto.
Clinton, accompanied by his wife Hillary, placed a wreath at the
stark gray monument dedicated to the 100,000 residents who died of
hunger or illness in the Warsaw Ghetto in the early 1940s, as well
as those Jewish combatants who were killed fighting their German
occupiers. One side of the monument is carved to depict their
Clinton, wearing a yamulke, bowed his head as a cantor chanted a
prayer for the dead, recalling the death camps some Jews were sent
to, including Dachau, Auschwitz and others.
Hundreds gathered at the site to watch the ceremony, including
several who survived life in the Warsaw Ghetto. Sigmund Nissenbaum
was among them, and he was happy about Clinton's visit to the
monument. "This is very good, doing this. The president coming
here is very good."
Nissenbaum recalled life in the Warsaw Ghetto when he was 15
years old. He said he smuggled food and weapons to those in the
ghetto, and although he was caught by authorities several times,
he managed to escape. Nissenbaum, whose mother and two sisters
died in the ghetto, was profoundly moved as he recalled those dark
Also on hand for the wreath-laying ceremony was 19-year-old
Margaret Kordowicz. She says half a century after the time of
the Warsaw Ghetto, she believes there remains an undercurrent of
intolerance toward Jews in Poland.
"It's not easy to be Jewish at school. For example, the majority
of us (who are Jewish) don't tell everybody that we are Jewish, but
only to our closest friends."
She believes Jews in Warsaw are still discriminated against and
stereotyped. She is working with local organizations to try to
improve the plight of Jews in her community.
In addition, she hopes ceremonies like the one Thursday will help
keep alive the memory of those who perished -- so that future
generations, like her own, will never forget the past.
Sinai Archaeological Finds will be Returned to Egypt
By Art Chimes (Jerusalem)
In Jerusalem, the Israel Museum has opened an exhibit of
archaeological finds from the Sinai desert. The artifacts on
display will soon be returned to Egypt -- more than a decade
after being excavated by Israeli archaeologists.
When Israeli troops took the Sinai peninsula in the 1967
Arab-Israeli war, it was an important military victory. But for
Israeli archaeologists, it was an unexpected opportunity to
investigate the remains of thousands of years of human activity
in an important crossroads area.
The Egyptian official in charge of archaeology in the Sinai,
Mohamed Abdel Maksoud, admits that before 1967, Egyptian
archaeologists never gave much priority to the Sinai. "Before the
Israelis, the plan for excavation of the area was completely zero
because of the political situation of the area, and it was war, and
Israeli archaeologists dug in the Sinai desert for 15 years, until
the area was returned to Egypt following the Camp David Accords.
But if the government gave back the Sinai, Israeli archaeologists
were not so eager to give back the treasures they extracted from
the desert. Eventually, however, Egypt and Israel agreed on a
return of the artifacts, which will be concluded by the end of this
The small exhibit at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem is just a
sample of the richness of archaeology in the Sinai. Take the
Nawamis -- circular stone burial structures more than 5,000 years
old. Archaeologist Avner Goren says these ancient tombs were
clustered, as many as 200 in one cemetery.
"Very well built, very nicely, though they had no mortar in between
the stones it still stands up so nice because of the quality of the
work, and also you can see a lot of aesthetics. The people were
buried there with all of their goods. Tools like arrowheads (and)
scrapers, or jewelry with the women. Maximum number of people that
we found inside were seven. Like I said it was a nuclear family, so
it was always man and woman, and the rest were children."
The exhibit at the Israel Museum also includes material from
extremely well-preserved homes in Qasrawet, from the late Roman
period, around the 4th century of the Common Era. Curator David
Mevorah says among the objects found there were well-preserved oil
lamps decorated with Christian, Jewish and pagan symbols.
"All in the same house. So population was mixed and lived
together happily. Maybe we find a way to get back there sometime to
the same mode of life."
The ancient Egyptians loved jewelry made with turquoise, and some
of the stone came from a place called Serabit el-Khadem in the
southern Sinai. The museum exhibit shows molds for making metal
tools used in the mining process. Also on display is a stone
inscribed 34 centuries ago with the name of the chief Canaanite
god, in one of the first alphabetic writing systems that
eventually replaced complex pictorial writing systems such as
hieroglyphics. Again, David Mevorah. "It begins in this region,
and we find it in the turquoise mines of Serabit el-Khadem, with
very symbolically the word 'El' -- God -- on this stone."
These and other artifacts will be handed over to Egyptian
authorities by the end of the year. There is hope that the smooth
handover of the Sinai material will pave the way for increased
archaeological cooperation between the two countries.
NAACP Debates its Future
By Paul Francuch (Chicago)
The oldest civil rights organization here in the United States, the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is
holding its 85th annual convention in Chicago. The convention's
focus is on how to improve the economic status of African
Saying the quality of life of African Americans needs to be
improved, NAACP Executive Director Benjamin Chavis told reporters
that economic issues, specifically economic "empowerment,"
to use the word favored by the NAACP will be at the forefront of
this year's convention.
In his effort to try to broaden cooperation between the NAACP and
other black civil rights groups, Chavis has run into some
controversy. An invitation Chavis extended to Nation of Islam
leader Louis Farrakhan to speak last month at another NAACP meeting
generated national newspaper headlines. Farrakhan has frequently
been the target of Jewish groups which have been highly critical of
his derogatory remarks about Jews.
While never endorsing the views of Louis Farrakhan, Chavis's
invitation to the Black Muslim leader to join the dialogue on the
goals for African Americans has raised concern, not only among
Jewish groups which have traditionally supported the NAACP,
but also within the civil rights organization itself.
Some directors of the organization fear the action is a signal
that Chavis will redirect the NAACP away from its traditional
mainstream course. One director who requested he not be named told
reporters that some corporate foundations and labor unions which
support the NAACP are reconsidering their support in the wake of
the Farrakhan speech.
Monks Want Millions
Two former Benedictine monks who say that they scored the music on
a CD of Gregorian chants that was a Top 10 best seller in the US
claim that they are entitled to $5 million in royalties.
The CD was recorded by monks in a monastery in northern Spain in
the 1970s and 1980s. It was released in the US in March under the
title "Chant." The former monks served as directors of the choir
before they left the monastery more than 10 years ago.
The record company says that the chants are in the public domain,
so are not protected by copyright. The chants, it says, are simply
what the monks have sung seven times a day for hundreds of years.
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